地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (12): 1946-1954.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.12.013

• • 上一篇    下一篇

发展地理学的发展与展望

刘小鹏1,2, 李伟华1, 马存霞1, 程静1, 苗红1,2, 赵小勇1,2   

  1. 1. 宁夏大学资源环境学院, 宁夏 银川 750021
    2. 宁夏乡村振兴战略研究中心, 宁夏 银川 750021
  • 收稿日期:2019-08-13 修回日期:2019-10-12 出版日期:2019-12-10 发布日期:2020-03-01
  • 作者简介:刘小鹏(1973-),男,满族,宁夏海原人,教授,博导,主要研究方向为发展地理学、减贫与发展。E-mail: 2641996568@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目资助(41761025);国家自然科学基金项目资助(41761024);国家自然科学基金项目资助(41461039);国家自然科学基金项目资助(41261021)

The Progress and Prospect of Development Geography

Liu Xiaopeng1,2, Li Weihua1, Ma Cunxia1, Cheng Jing1, Miao Hong1,2, Zhao Xiaoyong1,2   

  1. 1. School of Resources and Environment, Ningxia University, Yinchuan 750021, Ningxia, China
    2. Research Center of Rural Revitalization Strategy, Ningxia University, Yinchuan 750021, Ningxia, China
  • Received:2019-08-13 Revised:2019-10-12 Online:2019-12-10 Published:2020-03-01
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41761025);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41761024);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41461039);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41261021)

摘要:

梳理发展研究和现代地理学的思想与学术轨迹,将发展地理学的发展历程划分为学术思想萌芽期(18~19世纪启蒙运动到20世纪60年代末)、学术思想探索期(20世纪70年代初到90年代末)、学科建设期(21世纪初至今)3个阶段,各阶段特征都集中体现其学术领域的“欠发达”“发展中”“落后”国家和地区以及全球发展的研究主题与学科内涵。基于发展认识论、发展方法论和发展价值观,发展地理学的理论基础主要包括全球发展论、二元性和中心-边缘论、可持续发展理论和人类命运共同体思想等。在元问题的层面,采用在线词云工具提炼出发展地理学主要的研究内容包括发展的发展,殖民、不平等与发展,贫困、生计与发展,商品、贸易与发展,环境与发展等。展望未来,发展中国家和新兴市场2030年可持续发展目标、新型全球化和全球治理的国别差异与区域差异将成为发展地理学联合攻关和综合创新的重点领域;发展地理学的学科建设和人才培养要重视本土化和国际化。

关键词: 发展地理学, 热带地理学, 发展理论, 发展中国家, 发展地理学科建设

Abstract:

To carding thoughts and academic track of development research and modern geography, the development process of developmental geography could be divided into three stages: the embryonic stage (the Enlightenment-the late 1960s), the exploratory stage (the early 1970s-the late 1990s), and the subject construction stage (the early 2000s-present). Each stage embodied the research theme and subject connotation of global development, "underdeveloped", "developing" and "backward" of countries and regions in the academic field. Based on development epistemology, development methodology and development values, the theoretical basis of development geography mainly included global development theory, duality and center-edge theory, sustainable development theory and the thought of human destiny community, etc. At the level of meta-problem, the online word cloud tools were used to extract main research contents of development geography, including the development of development, colonization, inequality and development, poverty, livelihood and development, commodity, trade and development, environment and development, etc. In the future, the sustainable development goals for developing countries and emerging markets in 2030, the national and regional differences of new globalization and global governance will become the key areas of joint research and comprehensive innovation of development geography. Localization and internationalization should be emphasized in the subject construction and personnel training of developing geography.

Key words: development geography, tropical geography, development theory, developing countries, subject construction of development geography

中图分类号: 

  • K901.4