地理科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (5): 675-684.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2020.05.001

• •    下一篇

中国高铁-民航竞争网络的空间演化模式及影响因素

王姣娥1,2(), 景悦3, 杨浩然4,5   

  1. 1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所/中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2.中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
    3.成都市规划设计研究院,四川 成都 610041
    4.华东师范大学中国现代城市研究中心,上海 200062
    5.华东师范大学城市与区域科学学院,上海 200241
  • 收稿日期:2019-09-12 修回日期:2019-11-25 出版日期:2020-05-10 发布日期:2020-08-18
  • 作者简介:王姣娥(1981-),女,湖南涟源人,博士,研究员,主要从事交通地理与城市交通研究。E-mail: wangje@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41722103);上海市浦江人才计划(2019PJC034)

The Evolution Mode of China’s HSR-air Competitive Network and Its Driving Factors

Wang Jiao’e1,2(), Jing Yue3, Yang Haoran4,5   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling/Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. Chengdu Institute of Planning & Design, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan, China
    4. The Center for Modern Chinese City Studies, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    5. School of Urban and Regional Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
  • Received:2019-09-12 Revised:2019-11-25 Online:2020-05-10 Published:2020-08-18
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41722103);Shanghai Pujiang Program(2019PJC034)

摘要:

随着中国高速铁路与民用航空的快速发展,两者运营网络的空间竞争范围越来越大。从个人出行视角出发,同时拥有高铁与民航直达列车/航班的城市对为出行提供了选择机会,定义为高铁-民航竞争网络。以2007-2015年高铁-民航竞争网络的所有城市对为切入点,尝试刻画其演化过程与模式、网络结构与距离分布规律,并最终总结网络演化的影响因素。研究结论为: 中国高铁-民航竞争网络在空间上呈现出由东向西、由北向南的扩张趋势,规模不断扩大。高铁-民航竞争网络具有向北京、上海等少数城市集聚的特征。高铁-民航竞争网络城市对的距离范围主要分布在800~1 500 km,但运营的列车/航班频率竞争关系的临界值为1 000~1 100 km。高铁-民航竞争网络在空间上遵循核心-核心、核心-边缘自上至下的拓展规律,并主要受城市规模、行政职能等级以及地理空间约束等因素的影响。

关键词: 高速铁路, 民用航空, 地理, 竞争, 城际出行

Abstract:

With the rapid parallel development of high-speed rail and air transportation, the HSR-air competitive network has undergone great changes. Using the data of city pairs with both air and HSR service in the period of 2007-2015, this article explores the evolution of spatio-temporal pattern of HSR-Air competitive network at the national scale, and then reveals its expansion mode as well as the main driving factors. The results are as following: 1) The HSR-air competitive network grows rapidly in size. Spatially, while a tendency of expanding westward and southward is manifested, the overlapping market of 2 transportation modes still focuses on the eastern coastal region. 2) The city-pairs with potential HSR-Air competition are inclined to link the top city nodes, and the HSR-air competitive network presents a hierarchical structure with Beijing and Shanghai as centers. 3) The overlapping market of HSR and air transportation expands from city-pairs with medium distance to long distance. HSR dominates city-pairs with distance below 700 km and has relative advantage in the range of 700 to 1 000 km compared to air transportation. While air transportation dominates city-pairs with distance over 1 500 km. The competition between HSR and air transportation intensifies in the range of 1 000-1 500 km. 4) The HSR-air competitive network has shown a “core-core” pattern in the early period and then grows to a “core-periphery” pattern later. City size, urban function as well as geographical proximity are main factors for shaping the HSR-air overlapping network.

Key words: high-speed rail, air aviation, geography, competition, inter-city transport

中图分类号: 

  • K902