地理科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (5): 751-759.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2020.05.009

• • 上一篇    下一篇

中国科技金融与区域经济发展的耦合关系研究

张芷若(), 谷国锋   

  1. 东北师范大学地理科学学院, 吉林 长春 130024
  • 收稿日期:2019-07-01 修回日期:2019-09-10 出版日期:2020-05-10 发布日期:2020-08-18
  • 作者简介:张芷若(1988-),女,吉林长春人,博士研究生,主要从事区域经济增长与可持续发展研究。E-mail: zhangzhiruo25@hotmail. com
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(16BJL032);东北师范大学哲学社会科学校内重点培育项目(16ZD007)

The Coupling Relationship Between Sci-tech Finance and Regional Economic Development in China

Zhang Zhiruo(), Gu Guofeng   

  1. School of Geographical Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, Jilin, China
  • Received:2019-07-01 Revised:2019-09-10 Online:2020-05-10 Published:2020-08-18
  • Supported by:
    National Social Science Foundation of China(16BJL032);Key Cultivation Project of Philosophy and Social Sciences of Northeast Normal University(16ZD007)

摘要:

以中国30个省市为研究目标,建立科技金融与区域经济发展耦合系统的综合评价指标体系,基于灰色关联方法(GRA),定量评判2005-2015年2系统各要素间的耦合关联程度。在此基础上,构建耦合度、耦合协调度模型,对科技金融与区域经济发展耦合协调类型进行划分,研究其时空耦合特征。结果表明:科技金融与区域经济发展属于中高等关联,科技型人才与财政科技拨款对区域经济发展的驱动作用明显,科技金融对进出口贸易具有高度的依赖性;研究期内,科技金融与区域经济发展的耦合关系先后经历了波动上升、持续下降、再缓慢上升的过程;科技金融与区域经济发展耦合协调度处在初级协调阶段,表现出明显的区域间差异,具有“沿海-长江经济带-内陆”3级阶梯递减的变化规律,呈现出东部高西部低、中部高南北低的空间格局。

关键词: 科技金融, 区域经济发展, 灰色关联分析, 关联度, 耦合协调度

Abstract:

In recent years, along with China’s growing ambitions to construct an innovative country and to leading economic power, sci-tech finance is receiving more and more attentions and has become one of the most essential engines of national social and economic development. Investigating optimum pattern of coupling and coordination of sci-tech finance system and regional economic development system is important and beneficial to their mutual and chronic growth in both micro- and macroeconomy levels. On the one hand, sci-tech finance gives rise to economic development by scientific and technological innovation; On the other hand, sci-tech finance contributes to realize the improvement and to upgrade of industrial structure by allocating of various resources, thereby to promote regional economic development. Coupling approaches have also been widely used in studying relationships between sci-tech finance and sci-tech innovation as well as regional economic development. However, there are few studies focusing on the interaction between sci-tech finance system and regional economic development system. Most of current studies regard sci-tech finance as merely an affiliated product of economic development. In order to better elucidate relationshipd between sci-tech finance and regional economic development, the evaluation system of coupling sci-tech finance and regional economic growth was established in this study based on 30 provinces and cities in China from 2005 to 2015. Using grey relative analysis (GRA), correlation and coupling levels of each element of the two systems were quantitively assessed. Coupling and coupling-coordinating degree models were then established and sorted according to the coupling and coordinating types of sci-tech finance and economic development. Temporal and spatial coupling characteristics of the two systems were subsequently analyzed. Results indicated that correlations between sci-tech for finance and economic development ranged from medium to high level during the study period. Sci-tech talent and grant were the two important factors that significantly drove the economic development. It was also found that sci-tech finance highly depended on both import and export trade. Within the study period, the coupling system between sci-tech finance and regional economic development experienced three stages, which fluctuated increased from 2005 to 2008, continuously decreased from 2008 to 2011, and slowly increased from 2011 to 2015, respectively. The coupling and coordinating degree between sci-tech finance and economic development was at the initial stage and represented significant regional differences, with the ‘three step descending’ variation law of ‘coastal area -the Yangtze River Economic Belt-inland area’, and with the spatial pattern of high degree in eastern and central regions and low degree in western, southern and northern regions. Based on all results above, suggestions were finally presented in terms of further improving benign interaction of the coupling and coordination systems.

Key words: sci-tech finance, regional economic development, grey relative analysis, relative degree, coupling coordinating degree

中图分类号: 

  • F830/F061.5