地理科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (5): 786-792.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2020.05.013

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城市“腾笼换鸟”产业转型升级的困境与出路——基于北京市的调查研究

王颖(), 段霞(), 吴康   

  1. 首都经济贸易大学城市群系统演化与可持续发展的决策模拟研究北京市重点实验室/城市经济与公共管理学院/马克思主义学院, 北京 100070
  • 收稿日期:2019-06-05 修回日期:2019-08-24 出版日期:2020-05-10 发布日期:2020-08-18
  • 通讯作者: 段霞 E-mail:whyingwang@sina.com;duanxia@vip.sina.com
  • 作者简介:王颖(1977-),女,湖南岳阳人,副教授,博士研究生,主要研究方向为城市经济与战略管理。E-mail: whyingwang@sina.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41671161);教育部人文社会科学规划基金项目(19YJA790092);霍英东高等院校青年教师基金项目(171077);首都经济贸易大学青年创新团队专项(QNTD202009)

The Dilemma and Outlet of the Industry Transformation and Upgrading of the City's ‘Vacating Cage to Change Birds’: Based on the Investigation and Study in Beijing

Wang Ying(), Duan Xia(), Wu Kang   

  1. Beijing Key Laboratory of Megaregions Sustainable Development Modelling, Capital University of Economics and Business, School of Urban Economy and Public Management, Marxist Academy, Beijing 100070, China
  • Received:2019-06-05 Revised:2019-08-24 Online:2020-05-10 Published:2020-08-18
  • Contact: Duan Xia E-mail:whyingwang@sina.com;duanxia@vip.sina.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41671161);The Ministry of Education Project for Humanities and Social Sciences(19YJA790092);The Fok Ying Tung Education Foundation(171077);The Fundamental Research Funds of Capital University of Economics and Business(QNTD202009)

摘要:

剖析北京“腾笼换鸟”产业转型升级的现状,在针对“新鸟”进笼“老鸟”去哪问题,“老笼”空间结构合理优化问题,“老鸟”涅槃“新鸟”培育问题,“老鸟”和“新笼”承接问题的分析基础上,提出应完善京津冀产业链协作,“腾笼换鸟”拓展区域联动发展空间;东西城合并成首都特区,“腾笼换鸟”保护北京历史文化名城;切实发挥政府的职能作用,“腾笼换鸟”提升企业内在动力机制;规划建设“微中心”小城镇,“腾笼换鸟”促进北京人口有效疏解的建议。

关键词: 腾笼换鸟, 产业转型升级, 北京

Abstract:

Promoting the transformation of economic growth mode by ‘vacating cage to change birds, phoenix nirvana’ is an important feature of General Secretary Xi Jinping's political thought of governing the country. Beijing has started a major shift from ‘accumulating resources for growth’ to ‘resolving functions for development’ along with the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei coordinated development. The goal is to ‘vacating cage to change birds’, achieve industrial transformation upgrading, and accelerate the construction of ‘high-precision’. The economic structure enhances the quality of urban development and the quality of life of the people. However, ‘vacating cage’ is not only ‘emptying cage’. It is not simply a matter of ‘replacing small and old’. Only if the ‘old bird’ and ‘new bird’ are flying together, the ‘real’ and ‘virtual’ industries are mutually benefited. Equal emphasis, the new and old kinetic energy can be smoothly converted. Therefore, this article analyzes the status of the industry transformation and upgrading of Beijing's ‘vacating cage to change birds’, the question of where the ‘new bird’ enters the ‘old bird’, the rational optimization of the ‘old cage’ space structure, and the ‘old bird’ nirvana ‘new bird’ based on, ‘old birds’ and ‘new cages’ to undertake, the article proposes the ideas and paths for the industry transformation and upgradation of Beijing's ‘vacating and changing birds’. The possibilities of the industry transformation and upgradation of the ‘vacating cage to change birds’ are as followed: 1) It should be based on the construction of a ‘high-precision’ economic structure. 2) The fundamental driving force of adhering to the ‘innovation-driven’ development strategy. 3) To improve ‘Environmental civilization’ environmental quality is the guiding ideology. 4) To promote the coordinated development of ‘Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei’ as the depth direction. The path of the future industry transformation and upgradation of the ‘vacating cage to change birds’ is as belowed: 1) Improve the cooperation of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei industrial chain, and expand the regional linkage development space by ‘vacating cage to change birds’; 2) Merge the east-west city into the capital zone, ‘vacating cage to change birds’ protect Beijing's historical and cultural city; 3) Practically exert the role of government functions, ‘vacating cage to change birds’ to enhance the internal dynamic mechanism of the enterprise; 4) Plan to build a ‘micro-center’ small town, and ‘vacating cage to change birds’ to promote the effective deconstruction of Beijing's population.

Key words: vacating cage to change birds, industrial transformation and upgrading, Beijing

中图分类号: 

  • C939