地理科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (6): 980-988.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2020.06.014

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城市群区际生态贡献与生态补偿研究

彭文英(), 王瑞娟, 刘丹丹   

  1. 首都经济贸易大学城市经济与公共管理学院,北京 100070
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-10 出版日期:2020-06-01 发布日期:2020-12-07
  • 作者简介:彭文英(1967−),女,四川乐山人,教授,博导,主要从事区域协调发展、土地资源管理、生态文明建设研究。E-mail: pengwenying0316@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(17AJY005)资助

Inter-regional Ecological Contribution and Ecological Compensation in Urban Agglomeration

Peng Wenying(), Wang Ruijuan, Liu Dandan   

  1. College of Urban Economics and Public Administration, Capital University of Economics and Business, Beijing 100070, China
  • Received:2019-05-10 Online:2020-06-01 Published:2020-12-07
  • Supported by:
    National Social Science Foundation of China (17AJY005).

摘要:

城市群是推进城镇化的主体形态,区际横向生态补偿是城市群生态共建共享的重要措施。借助投入产出思路,建立反映生态投入、生态消耗的区际生态贡献计量指标体系,应用超效率SBM-DEA模型,对京津冀、长江三角洲、成渝地区城市群进行区际生态补偿实证分析,探索城市群区际生态补偿逻辑、依据及措施。结果表明,① 利用投入产出思路,按照生态投入与生态消耗来找寻区际生态关系逻辑,建立生态贡献指标体系并借助投入产出模型来确定生态补偿角色和考量补偿标准依据,基于生态贡献的城市群内部区际生态补偿长效机制机理清晰、可操作性强;② 加快健全区际横向生态补偿机制,在自然资源要素统一登记管理基础上,拓展生态贡献计量指标并定期统一监测公报,结合地区GDP、公共财政,以及城市群国土空间规划、区域协调发展等,定量生态补偿额度,从而建立城市群系统内生态共建共享的绿色利益机制。

关键词: 生态贡献, 区际生态补偿, 共建共享, 城市群

Abstract:

Urban agglomeration is the main form of promoting urbanization, and inter-regional horizontal ecological compensation is an important measure for the ecological co-construction and sharing of urban agglomerations. Based on the input-output method, this article establishes an inter-regional ecological contribution measurement index system reflecting urban ecological input and ecological consumption, and uses the super-efficient SBM-DEA model to conduct an empirical analysis of inter-regional ecological compensation for urban agglomerations in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, the Yangtze River Delta and the Chengdu-Chongqing regions, to explore the inter-regional ecological compensation logic, standard and implementation path of urban agglomerations. The results show that, according to the input-output thinking, we can use the theoretical logic of ecological input and ecological consumption to reflect the interregional ecological relations, and establish the index system of ecological contribution and the input-output model to determine the role of ecological compensation and to consider the basis of compensation standards. The long-term mechanism of inter-regional ecological compensation in urban agglomeration based on ecological contribution is clear and feasible. We should speed up the improvement of the inter-regional ecological compensation mechanism, expand the measurement index of ecological contribution based on the unified registration management and regular monitoring bulletins of natural resource elements. The regional GDP, public finances, territorial spatial planning, coordinated regional development should taken into account, in order to calculate ecological compensation quota and establish a green benefit mechanism for regional ecological construction and sharing in the urban agglomeration system.

Key words: ecological contribution, inter-regional ecological compensation, co-construction and sharing, urban agglomeration

中图分类号: 

  • F062.1