地理科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (12): 2027-2036.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2020.12.009

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广州法系群体的日常生活与地方认同研究

陈昊曦1,2(), 袁振杰3,4,5,*(), 蔡晓梅4,5,6   

  1. 1.巴黎萨克雷大学,法国 圣欧班 91190
    2.国立高等景观学院,法国 凡尔赛 78000
    3.广州大学地理科学与遥感学院华南人文地理与城市发展研究中心,广东 广州 510006
    4.广东省城市与移民研究中心,广东 广州 510006
    5.南方海洋科学与工程广东省实验室(珠海),广东 珠海 519082
    6.华南师范大学旅游管理学院,广东 广州 510631
  • 收稿日期:2019-10-12 修回日期:2020-02-11 出版日期:2020-12-25 发布日期:2021-01-09
  • 通讯作者: 袁振杰 E-mail:haoxi.chen@agroparistech.fr;zjyuan@gzhu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:陈昊曦(1995−),男,甘肃兰州人,硕士,主要从事东西方风景理论和风景概念研究。E-mail: haoxi.chen@agroparistech.fr

The Daily Life and Place Identity of the Francophone Population in Guangzhou

Chen Haoxi1,2(), Yuan Zhenjie3,4,5,*(), Cai Xiaomei4,5,6   

  1. 1. Paris-Saclay University, Saint Aubin 91190, France
    2. The National School of Landscape Architecture, Versailles, 78000, France
    3. Center for Human Geography and Urban Development, School of Geography and Remote Sensing, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong, China
    4. Guangdong Provincial Center for Urban and Migration Studies, Guangzhou 510006,Guangdong, China
    5. Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Zhuhai), Zhuhai 519082, Guangdong, China
    6. School of Tourism Management, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2019-10-12 Revised:2020-02-11 Online:2020-12-25 Published:2021-01-09
  • Contact: Yuan Zhenjie E-mail:haoxi.chen@agroparistech.fr;zjyuan@gzhu.edu.cn

摘要:

“流动中国”的社会新常态使中国成为观察和总结非西方背景下的国际流动人口研究的重要试验地。近年来,广州承担世界城市的角色和功能不断深化,吸引大批外籍人士迁入。其中,法系群体虽然是广州的传统国际流动人口,但当前研究尚未给予充分关注。通过问卷调查和半结构化访谈等方法,对居住在广州市的法系群体的日常生活和地方认同进行研究。研究表明,法系群体在经济层面的效能感和获得感较积极,但由于语言的差异和生活配套服务的不便,该群体在社会文化层面对广州的地方认同产生了消极影响。相对在穗日韩流动人口,法系群体的融入意愿普遍较高,被动融入本土社会的驱动力较强。在从“英语世界主导的全球化”向“面向多元文化服务的全球化”的转型过程中,为来自非英语国家的国际流动人口提供更贴切的生产和生活服务,增强国际流动人口对于迁入地的地方认同,是学界和社会未来需要共同探索的方向。

关键词: 法系群体, 国际流动人口, 地方认同, 世界城市, 全球化, 广州

Abstract:

The new normal of ‘flowing China’ has rendered China an important site for observing and theorizing international immigration research in a non-Western context. Recent years, Guangzhou has assumed the role and function as a global city, which attracts a large number of foreigners. The mobility of the international population and their assembly of international districts have become not only a new urban landscape of Guangzhou, but also new social-political actors of Guangzhou. In recent years, researchers focus primarily on Asian immigrants who live in large Chinese metropolises such as Guangzhou, Shanghai, Beijing etc. The Francophone immigrant, as a traditional immigrant group in Guangzhou, is still understudied. The history of Francophone immigration can date back to the founding of French Indochina from 1887. And at the end of the 1990s, due to the centralization and development of the urban economy of Guangzhou, many francophone immigrants have arrived in Guangzhou. They currently occupy a large part of the international population in Guangzhou. With the progress of The Belt and Road Initiative and the deepening of Economy Reform, more and more francophone immigrants will arrive in China to participate in commercial, educational, tourist, investment activities, etc. Francophone immigrants deserve further study in order to summarize their way of life and the formation of the place identity, and thus to examine their perceptions and practices of integration into the local society of Guangzhou. This study employs questionnaires and semi-structured interviews to investigate daily life and place identity of the francophone immigrants in Guangzhou. In order to ensure representativeness of interviewees, this study has taken various demographic characteristics into account, for instance, nationality, occupation, gender, etc. in the process of interviewee recruitment. In total, 13 interviewees from 10 French-speaking countries were recruited. Findings of this paper include: 1) The francophone immigrants are more active at the economic level and have a positive sense of self-efficacy. However, the differences linguistic and the inconvenience in regard to life supporting services leave a negative impact in building the place identity of Guangzhou; 2) Comparing with Japanese and Korean immigrants in Guangzhou, Francophone immigrants’ willingness of integrating into the local society is generally higher, and their passive driving force of integration is also stronger. In the shift from ‘Anglo-globalization’ to ‘multiculturally-led globalization’, to provide better services for international immigrants from non-English speaking background, and to enhance immigrants’ place identity to host societies are both demanded, in which deserve both researchers’ and policy makers’ further attention.

Key words: Francophone population, international immigrants, place identity, global city, globalization, Guangzhou

中图分类号: 

  • K901.6