地理科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (12): 2055-2063.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2020.12.012

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大城市近郊农地流转的时空特征及影响因素

许红梅(), 郭炎(), 李志刚, 林赛南, 李娈琼   

  1. 武汉大学城市设计学院/湖北省人居环境工程技术研究中心,湖北 武汉 430072
  • 收稿日期:2019-11-19 修回日期:2020-01-13 出版日期:2020-12-25 发布日期:2021-01-09
  • 通讯作者: 郭炎 E-mail:hongmei_xu@whu.edu.cn;tiverguo@whu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:许红梅(1992−),女,湖北恩施人,博士研究生,主要研究方向为城乡统筹发展与规划。E-mail: hongmei_xu@whu.edu.cn

Spatio-temporal Characteristics of Farmland Circulation and Influencing Factors in Metropolitan Suburbs: A Case Study of Caidian District, Wuhan City

Xu Hongmei(), Guo Yan(), Li Zhigang, Lin Sainan, Li Luanqiong   

  1. School of Urban Design, Hubei Habitat Environment Engineering Research Center, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, China
  • Received:2019-11-19 Revised:2020-01-13 Online:2020-12-25 Published:2021-01-09
  • Contact: Guo Yan E-mail:hongmei_xu@whu.edu.cn;tiverguo@whu.edu.cn

摘要:

以武汉市蔡甸区为例,结合多源、多时段的村级农地流转数据,采用探索性空间分析和多元线性回归分析方法,揭示大城市近郊农地流转的时空特征及影响因素。研究发现:① 流转规模呈跨越式增长,经历快速增长和短期减速增长两个阶段,流转速度受土地政策影响较大;农地流转的空间分布由随机转向集聚,高高集聚区由主干道沿线转移至以农业为主的平原街镇,低低集聚区由不显著到集中于城镇化水平较高的街镇;② 控制自然、区位、社会经济等因素后,发现流转主体、流转用途对农地流转具有显著影响。建议清楚把握农地流转时空演化特征,合理选择流转主体和流转用途,以优化大城市近郊的人地关系,促进城乡统筹和乡村振兴。

关键词: 大城市近郊, 农地流转, 土地资本化, 乡村转型, 武汉

Abstract:

The paper takes Caidian district in the suburb of Wuhan as an example, combines panel data of farmland circulation at the village level, and adopts the methods of Exploratory Spatial Analysis and Multiple Linear Regression Model to reveal the spatial-temporal characteristics and influencing factors of farmland circulation, respectively. The study finds that: 1) Farmland circulation area shows a leapfrog growth in general, experiences two stages of increasing growth and decreasing growth in specific, and the circulation speed is greatly affected by land policy; The spatial distribution changes from random dispersion to agglomeration. The high-value agglomeration area changes from a few towns along the main road to wide plain agricultural towns, while the low-value agglomeration area changes from inexistence to towns around urban cores; 2) After controlling factors such as geographic conditions, location, socio-economic elements, we find that types of investors and uses for circulation have very significant influence on farmland circulation ratio. The policy implications are as follows: policy implementation should fully consider spatio-temporal characteristics of farmland circulation, focus more on investor types and uses for circulation, to build coordinated relationship between land and people in metropolitan suburbs, and to promote coordinated rural-urban development and rural revitalization.

Key words: metropolitan suburbs, farmland circulation, land capitalization, rural transformation, Wuhan

中图分类号: 

  • K901.2