地理科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (12): 2064-2072.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2020.12.013

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三亚市季节性旅游移民社会融合对主观幸福感的影响

赵臣1,2(), 陈扬乐1,*(), 张凯1, 申文灿3   

  1. 1.海南大学旅游学院,海南 海口 570228
    2.安庆师范大学资源与环境学院,安徽 安庆 246133
    3.四川大学旅游学院,四川 成都 610064
  • 收稿日期:2019-08-23 修回日期:2019-12-10 出版日期:2020-12-25 发布日期:2021-01-09
  • 通讯作者: 陈扬乐 E-mail:574214341@qq.com;335435456@qq.com
  • 作者简介:赵臣(1993−),女,安徽安庆人,硕士,主要从事旅游地理研究。E-mail: 574214341@qq.com

Social Integration on the Subjective Well-being of Seasonal Tourism Immigrants in Sanya

Zhao Chen1,2(), Chen Yangle1,*(), Zhang Kai1, Shen Wencan3   

  1. 1. School of Tourism, Hainan University, Haikou 570228, Hainan, China
    2. Institute of Resources and Environment, Anqing Normal University, Anqing 246133, Anhui, China
    3. School of Tourism, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, Sichuan, China
  • Received:2019-08-23 Revised:2019-12-10 Online:2020-12-25 Published:2021-01-09
  • Contact: Chen Yangle E-mail:574214341@qq.com;335435456@qq.com

摘要:

以旅游消费移民的代表性群体——季节性旅游移民为对象,构建季节性旅游移民社会融合对主观幸福感影响的概念模型,并提出相关假设;以典型的旅居城市三亚为案例地,运用结构方程模型对假设进行验证。研究表明:季节性旅游移民的文化融合对主观幸福感的影响较小,仅对正面情绪有显著的正向影响;而心理融合和身份融合均正向显著作用于主观幸福感的生活满意和正面情绪2个维度,且对负面情绪有显著抑制作用。基于实证分析,从文化融合、身份融合、心理融合等层面提出季节性旅游移民主观幸福感的提升策略。

关键词: 季节性旅游移民, 社会融合, 主观幸福感, 海南三亚

Abstract:

At present, the theory of Mobility has become a popular research topic in tourism, but there are rarely researches on tourism consumption immigrants among local scholars. This article takes the representative group of tourism consumption immigrants, which is the seasonal tourism immigrants as the research object, constructs the conceptual model of the influence of the social integration of seasonal tourism immigrants on subjective happiness, and proposes relevant hypotheses; Sanya is taken as the case, and the structural equation model is used to verify the hypothesis. The results are shown as follows: 1) The social integration of seasonal tourism immigrants consists of cultural integration, identity integration and psychological integration. This article developed the scale of social integration of seasonal tourism immigrants and tested its dimensions, reliability and validity through exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. 2) The cultural integration of seasonal tourism immigrants has the least impact on subjective well-being, and has only a significant positive impact on positive emotion; while psychological integration and identity integration are positively used for life satisfaction and positive emotion, and have a significant inhibitory effect on negative emotion.3) Sanya has created a superior living space for seasonal tourism immigrants, which not only satisfies the needs of happy life of seasonal tourism immigrants, but also greatly enhances the subjective happiness of them. In addition, the diversity and inclusiveness of Sanya as a tourist city can eliminate the role of cultural integration in promoting subjective happiness. However, conflicts and misunderstandings caused by obvious identity boundaries have greatly reduced the happiness of seasonal tourism immigrants. Therefore, there is an urgent need to improve the identity integration of the seasonal tourism immigrants. Finally, based on empirical analysis, the promotion strategy of subjective happiness of the seasonal tourism immigrants is proposed from the aspects of cultural integration, identity integration and psychological integration.

Key words: seasonal tourism immigrants, social integration, subjective well-being, Sanya in Hainan Province

中图分类号: 

  • K901.2