地理科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (2): 198-206.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2021.02.002

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城市商业型健身休闲场所空间格局及影响机理——以上海市为例

孙枫1(), 章锦河1,*(), 王昶1, 胡泉旭1, 张海洲2   

  1. 1. 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院,江苏 南京 210023
    2. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广东 广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2019-11-04 出版日期:2021-04-10 发布日期:2021-04-13
  • 通讯作者: 章锦河 E-mail:sf9300@163.com;zhangjinhe@nju.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:孙枫(1993−),男,江苏丹阳人,博士研究生,研究方向为城市休闲和生态旅游。E-mail: sf9300@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41771147)、江苏省社会科学基金项目(19GLC012)

Spatial Pattern and Its Impact Mechanism of Urban Commercial Fitness Space: Evidences from Shanghai, China

Sun Feng1(), Zhang Jinhe1,*(), Wang Chang1, Hu Quanxu1, Zhang Haizhou2   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Ocean Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, China
    2. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2019-11-04 Online:2021-04-10 Published:2021-04-13
  • Contact: Zhang Jinhe E-mail:sf9300@163.com;zhangjinhe@nju.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41771147), Social Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (19GLC012)

摘要:

基于百度POI和美团网评分数据,分析上海市商业型健身休闲场所空间格局及影响机理。结果显示:① 上海市商业型健身休闲场所整体呈现核心?边缘格局,黄浦区、静安区、徐汇区、长宁区、普陀区和虹口区的交界处形成了核心集聚分布区。② 上海市商业型健身休闲场所分布与高人口密度区、高房价地区、交通网络发达区、住宅小区、写字楼和购物中心等空间分布保持较高的契合度。③ 人口密度、地铁距离、小区距离、写字楼距离、连锁情况和房价水平等6个变量是影响空间格局的关键因素,人口密度影响最大,房价水平和写字楼距离其次,地铁距离、小区距离和连锁情况最小,房价水平为负向影响,其余为正向影响。分析影响机理,以期满足人们日益增长的健身休闲需求,优化城市商业空间,提升城市生活品质,助力实现“健康中国”国家战略目标。

关键词: 商业型健身休闲场所, 空间格局, 影响机理, 上海市

Abstract:

The reasonable layout of urban commercial fitness space and the identification of influencing factors are the basis for the sustainable development of urban fitness industry and the effective implementation of ‘Healthy China’ strategy. Based on POI (Point of Interest) data from Baidu and network evaluation data from Meituan, this article explores the spatial pattern and impact mechanism of commercial fitness space in Shanghai. The results show that: 1) The core-edge pattern of commercial fitness space is presented as a whole in Shanghai. A core agglomeration distribution area has been formed at the junction of Huangpu District, Jing’an District, Xuhui District, Changning District, Putuo District and Hongkou District, and there is no phenomenon of ‘hollow city center’. 2) The distribution of commercial fitness space keeps a high coincidence with the spatial distribution of high population density, high housing prices, developed transportation networks, residential area, office buildings and shopping centers in Shanghai. 3) Population density, underground distance, residential area distance, office building distance, chain situation and housing price level are the key factors affecting the spatial pattern. Population density has the greatest impact, followed by housing price level and office building distance, underground distance, residential area distance and chain situation are the smallest. Housing price level has negative impact, the remaining five have positive impact. Through the analysis of influencing mechanism, the paper is proposed to meet people’s growing demand for fitness, optimize urban commercial space, improve the quality of urban life, and help to achieve the national strategic goal of ‘Healthy China’.

Key words: commercial fitness space, spatial pattern, impact mechanism, Shanghai

中图分类号: 

  • TU984.1