地理科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (2): 340-349.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2021.02.017

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廊道型乡村旅游地农户生计资本评价与空间格局特征——以大别山国家风景道为例

李龙1,2(), 杨效忠1,*()   

  1. 1. 安徽师范大学地理与旅游学院,安徽 芜湖 241002
    2. 宿州学院管理学院,安徽 宿州 234000
  • 收稿日期:2019-12-14 出版日期:2021-04-10 发布日期:2021-04-13
  • 通讯作者: 杨效忠 E-mail:name.lilong@163.com;1075742914@qq.com
  • 作者简介:李龙(1988−),男,山东枣庄人,讲师,博士研究生,主要从事旅游地理与旅游规划研究。E-mail: name.lilong@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41471129)、教育部人文社会科学基金项目(19YJA840008)、安徽省教育厅人文社会科学重点项目(SK2018A0476)资助

Evaluation and Spatial Pattern of Farmers’ Livelihood Capital in Corridor-type Rural Tourism Areas: A Case Study of the Dabie Mountain National Landscape

Li Long1,2(), Yang Xiaozhong1,*()   

  1. 1. College of Geography and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241002, Anhui, China
    2. College of Management, Suzhou University, Suzhou 234000, Anhui, China
  • Received:2019-12-14 Online:2021-04-10 Published:2021-04-13
  • Contact: Yang Xiaozhong E-mail:name.lilong@163.com;1075742914@qq.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41471129), Ministry of Education Humanities and Social Science Fund Project (19YJA840008), University Social Science Research Project of Anhui Province (SK2018A0476)

摘要:

以大别山国家风景道为例,借鉴DFID可持续生计分析框架,构建农户生计评价指标体系,分析廊道型乡村旅游地农户生计资本的空间特征及影响因素。研究发现:① 大别山旅游廊道内自然资本等有形生计资本权重较高,社会资本等无形生计资本权重较低。② 农户生计资本具有较为明显的空间分布不均衡的特征,各乡镇以及乡镇内各村的农户生计资本水平也存在明显的空间差异。③ 农户生计资本空间分布的不均衡受到核心景区、主干公路、当地产业业态成熟度、政府政策等因素的影响较为明显。

关键词: 旅游廊道, 乡村旅游地, 农户生计, 生计资本

Abstract:

Taking the Dabie Mountain National Landscape as an example, this article constructs an evaluation index system of farmers’ livelihood based on DFID sustainable livelihood analysis framework and case study, and analyzes the spatial distribution differences and influencing factors of farmers’ livelihood capital in corridor rural tourism. The results show that: 1) The visible livelihood capital, such as natural capital, has a higher weight in the tourism corridor of Dabie Mountains, while the intangible livelihood capital, such as social capital, has a lower weight. Five indicators of livelihood capital weights: Natural capital>financial capital> physical capital>human capital>social capital. The five comprehensive scores of livelihood capital: Natural capital>physical capital>financial capital>human capital>social capital. 2) Farmers’ livelihood capital in corridor-type rural tourism areas has obvious characteristics of unbalanced spatial distribution.The overall level of farmers’ livelihood capital: Jinzhai County > Huoshan County, the five livelihood capital show strong spatial differences. There are also obvious spatial differences in the total level of farmers’ livelihood capital and the five livelihood capital levels in the villages and townships. 3) The unbalanced spatial distribution of farmers’ livelihood capital is affected by core scenic spots, main roads, maturity of local industrial forms, government policies. The overall level of farmers’ livelihood capital is higher in the core scenic spots or near the main roads. Influenced by the diversity of industrial formats and the stage of tourism development, two tourism agglomeration zones have been formed around Tiantangzhai and Baimajian scenic spots. The effect of tourism agglomeration is obvious, but the radiation scope is limited, and the driving force of the impact on the surrounding areas is insufficient. The difference of government’s policies leads to the change of livelihood mode and livelihood capital of farmers in different rural communities.

Key words: tourism corridors, rural tourism destination, farmers’ livelihood, livelihood capital

中图分类号: 

  • F590.3