地理科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (4): 562-570.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2021.04.002

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中国城市市政基础设施水平影响因子及非均衡性——基于城市分层分析框架

林建鹏(), 曹现强(), 张颖慧   

  1. 山东大学政治学与公共管理学院,山东 青岛 266237
  • 收稿日期:2020-01-07 修回日期:2020-03-20 出版日期:2021-04-10 发布日期:2021-06-04
  • 通讯作者: 曹现强 E-mail:linjianpeng1991@126.com;caoxq@sdu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:林建鹏(1991−),男,福建莆田人,博士研究生,主要从事行政学理论与城市治理研究。E-mail:linjianpeng1991@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(16ZDA080);国家社会科学基金项目(16B22049)

Influencing Factors and Disequilibrium of Urban Municipal Infrastructure in China: Analysis Framework Based on City Classification

Lin Jianpeng(), Cao Xianqiang(), Zhang Yinghui   

  1. School of Political Science and Public Administration, Shandong University, Qingdao 266237, Shandong, China
  • Received:2020-01-07 Revised:2020-03-20 Online:2021-04-10 Published:2021-06-04
  • Contact: Cao Xianqiang E-mail:linjianpeng1991@126.com;caoxq@sdu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Social Science Foundation of China(16ZDA080);National Social Science Foundation of China(16B22049)

摘要:

采用因子分析、空间统计分析、总体差异指数及分解等方法,分析2006年、2011年、2016年中国36个重点城市,253个普通地级市和338个县级市的市政基础设施因子、非均衡性及与经济发展水平关系的演变情况。研究表明:① 不同层级城市市政基础设施的因子、非均衡性、空间分布及演变情况既有共同点,也有不同点。② “十八大”以来,城市市政基础设施投入侧重点有所变化,更加强调以人为核心的城镇化,2012—2016年市政基础设施水平与城市经济发展水平相关性减弱,基础设施投入开始更加注重民生导向。③ 设施水平空间分布总体上呈东部地区较高、中部地区居中,东北和西部地区较低特征,具有正的空间自相关性。④ 重点城市市政基础设施总体、区域内、区域间的非均衡性均高于普通地级市和县级市。⑤ 区域之间的非均衡性是城市市政基础设施非均衡性问题的主导来源。⑥ 市政基础设施水平的非均衡性与城市经济发展水平的非均衡性关系并非简单的线性相关关系。

关键词: 市政基础设施, 因子分析, 非均衡性, 空间统计分析

Abstract:

The research on the evaluation of municipal infrastructure is of great significance for building a solid foundation for urban development, promoting the new business forms of urban development, and promoting the coordinated development of urban economic growth, social development and ecological environment protection. In order to correctly understand the development status of China’s municipal infrastructure level, factor analysis, spatial statistical analysis, overall difference index and decomposition methods were used to analyze the evolution of municipal infrastructure factors, disequilibrium and the relationship with economic development level in 36 key cities, 253 ordinary prefecture-level cities and 338 county-level cities in 2006, 2011 and 2016. The main conclusions are as follows: 1) The factors, non-equilibrium, spatial distribution, and evolution of municipal infrastructure in different levels of cities have both commonalities and differences. 2) Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the focus of urban municipal infrastructure investment has changed, with more emphasis on people-centered urbanization. The correlation between the level of municipal infrastructure and the level of urban economic development has weakened between 2012 and 2016, and infrastructure investment has begun to pay more attention to people’s livelihood. 3) On the whole, the spatial distribution of urban municipal infrastructure level is characterized by higher in the east, central in the middle part, and lower in the northeast and west of China. At the same time, it has a positive spatial autocorrelation. 4) The overall, regional and inter-regional non-equilibrium of municipal infrastructure in key cities are higher than those of ordinary prefecture-level cities and county-level cities. 5) The inequality between regions is the dominant source of the current non-equilibrium problem of China’s municipal infrastructure. 6) The non-equilibrium between the level of municipal infrastructure and urban economic development is not a simple linear correlation.

Key words: municipal infrastructure, factor analysis, non-equilibrium, spatial statistical analysis

中图分类号: 

  • D630