地理科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (5): 872-879.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2021.05.015

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张其昀主编的《方志月刊》及其地理学贡献

何沛东1,2()   

  1. 1.中山大学历史学系(珠海),广东 珠海 519082
    2.中山大学历史地理研究中心,广东 珠海 519082
  • 收稿日期:2020-05-15 修回日期:2020-08-23 出版日期:2021-05-10 发布日期:2021-07-15
  • 作者简介:何沛东(1987−),男,河南洛阳人,博士后,主要从事方志学、历史地理学研究。E-mail: hpd87@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    中国博士后科学基金项目资助(2019M653256)

Regional Geography Edited by Zhang Qiyun and Its Geographical Contribution

He Peidong1,2()   

  1. 1. Department of History, Zhuhai, Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai 519082, Guangdong, China
    2. Historical and Geographical Research Center of Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai 519082, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2020-05-15 Revised:2020-08-23 Online:2021-05-10 Published:2021-07-15
  • Supported by:
    Project Funded by China Postdoctoral Science Foundation(2019M653256)

摘要:

《方志月刊》是中国近代唯一的一种侧重于区域地理的刊物,刊物的名称选择、编辑特色等均受到了主编张其昀地理学思想的影响。通过对《方志月刊》载文及相关史实的梳理与考证,解析其办刊特色和地理学贡献。研究表明:该期刊注重科学的区域地理研究和地图、照片的运用,注重国外地理学成果的介绍和地理学史的整理,为中国近代地理学特别是区域地理学的发展提供了有益导向。

关键词: 张其昀, 《方志月刊》, 地理学贡献

Abstract:

Zhang Qiyun is one of the founders of modern geography in China. He has made outstanding contributions to the development of regional geography in modern China. He introduced western regional geography works to China in the early days and translated the word ‘regional geography’ into ‘local gazetteers’. From 1928 to 1936, Zhang Qiyun taught in the Department of ‘Geography of the Central University’, which was the most active period of Zhang Qiyun’s geographical thought. Zhang Qiyun founded the journal Regional Geography in this period. As the editor-in-chief of Regional Geography, Zhang Qiyun greatly influenced the naming and editing characteristics of Regional Geography with his geographical thoughts. The journal focused on regional geography, the use of maps and photos, the translation and introduction of foreign geographical works, and the study of geographical history, all of which were the embodiment of Zhang Qiyun’s geographical thoughts. The publication of Regional Geography mainly relies on teachers, students, and other resources of the Central University, which also limited its better development. However, Regional Geography was already the major periodical for teachers and students of the Department of Geography of the Central University to publish papers. It published important early geographical works of scholars of the ‘School of History and Geography’ and provided useful guidance for the development of modern Chinese geography, especially regional geography.

Key words: Zhang Qiyun, Regional Geography, geographical contribution