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援藏与西藏自治区经济发展耦合协调分析

1. 1.中山大学地理科学与规划学院/广东省城市化与地理环境空间模拟重点实验室,广东 广州510275
2.国家开发银行西藏自治区分行,西藏 拉萨850000
• 收稿日期:2017-03-02 修回日期:2017-05-09 出版日期:2018-04-10 发布日期:2018-04-10
• 作者简介:

作者简介：周春山(1964-),男,河南信阳人,教授,博导,主要从事区域发展与城乡规划、城市地理学研究。E-mail: zhoucs@mail.sysu.edu.cn

• 基金资助:
国家自然科学基金项目(41601161)资助

The Coupling and Coordinating Analysis Between Aiding Tibet and Economic Development in Tibet Autonomous Region

Chunshan Zhou1(), Bo Yu1,2, Chenyi Shi1, Yuqu Wang1

1. 1.Guangdong Key Laboratory for Urbanization and Geo-Simulation, School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, China
2. China Development Bank Tibet Branch, Lhasa 850000, Tibet, China
• Supported by:
National Natural Science Foundation of China (41601161)

Abstract:

Aiding Tibet has a strong relationship with the economic development in Tibet Autonomous Region, so it is both theoretically and practically necessary to study the coupling and coordinating process over time and space between them when it comes to the relationship between policy and local development and the implementation and perfection of aiding Tibet work. This paper takes 74 counties (cities, districts) of Tibet Autonomous Region as investigated subjects. With the support of gray correlation analysis method, this paper analyzes the correlation and interaction between aiding Tibet and Tibetan economic development during 2000-2014 by establishing an index system for aiding Tibet in terms of five aspects, including fiscal transfer payment, infrastructure, public facilities, favor of loan, construction and installation investment along with Tibetan economic development in terms of four aspects, including economic strength, economic vitality, economic structure and rural economy. Based on the gray correlation analysis, the paper further explores the relationship between aiding Tibet and economic development by establishing the coupling degree model and coordinating index model, focusing on the coupling and coordination process and trends as well as the spatial distribution of coupling index and coordinating index. The results show that: 1) there is strong positive correlation between aiding Tibet and economic development with the correlation degree averaging from 0.687 to 0.750. The impact of financial transfer payment on the economic development is particularly significant, following by the impact of favor of loan, public facilities and infrastructure. Meanwhile, aiding Tibet has more obvious effects on economic strength and rural economy. 2) Since the 21th century, the coordinating index between aiding Tibet and economic development has been showing a rising trend, indicating the gradually coordinating trend with each other. 3) In 2014, the coupling degree of every county (city, district) is above the medium level but the coordinating index is below the medium level. Specifically, higher altitude area and border area have higher coupling degree but lower coordinating index. There exist obvious spatial differences in coupling and coordination indexes inside the Brahmaputra River and its four branches area, with higher coordinating indexes generally tending to the political and economic centers. Based on the coupling degree and coordinating index, the paper also divides Tibet Autonomous Region into four regions: better coordinating region, primary coordinating region, barely coordinating region and little coordinating region. Almost 68.919% of the counties (cities, districts) distribute in the barely coordinating region and only Chengguan district in Lhasa is the better coordinating area. Finally, some suggestion is proposed on aiding Tibet.

• F299.2