地理科学 ›› 2011, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (8): 947-951.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2011.08.947

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

黄河小北干流洪水倒灌渭河风险评估及其影响

李景宜1,2   

  1. 1. 宝鸡文理学院 陕西省灾害监测与机理模拟重点实验室, 陕西 宝鸡 721013;
    2. 兰州大学西部环境教育部重点实验室, 甘肃 兰州 731000
  • 收稿日期:2010-08-19 修回日期:2010-12-08 出版日期:1997-08-20 发布日期:1997-08-20
  • 基金资助:
    教育部新世纪优秀人才支持计划(NCET-09-0874)、陕西省自然科学基金(2011JM5010)、陕西省教育厅自然基金(2010JS073,11JK0749)资助。

Risk Evaluation and Influence Analysis of Flowing Backward From Main Stream in Xiaobei of Huanghe(Yellow) River to Lower Reacher of Weihe River

LI Jing-yi1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Disaster Survey & Mechanism Simulation of Shaanxi Province, Baoji University of Arts and Sciences, Baoji, Shaanxi 721007, China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Western China’s Environmental Systems of Ministry of Education, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, Gangsu 730000, China
  • Received:2010-08-19 Revised:2010-12-08 Online:1997-08-20 Published:1997-08-20

摘要: 黄河洪水倒灌渭河的风险评估是渭河下游防洪工作的基础。通过历史资料对比和遥感影像分析,对渭河下游洪水倒灌风险度进行差值计算并划分风险等级,得到结论:①黄河洪水越大则倒灌并溯源淤积渭河的范围越大;②高风险区集中于大荔县东部和潼关、华阴、华县、渭南及临潼的渭河沿岸区域,较高风险区位于大荔县东北部和渭南、临潼交界处的渭河北岸区域;③河口西进与洪水倒灌互为因果,加剧"小流量、高水位、大灾情";④降低倒灌风险必须实现全流域综合规划、协调降低潼关高程。

Abstract: Risk evaluation of flowing backward from the main stream in Xiaobei of the Huanghe (Yellow) River to the lower reacher of the Weihe River has become the significant work of flood prevention because of the dangerous situation of the flowing backwark. Based on the contrast of historical observed data and remote sensing images, using the inserting value calculation method, risk degree of flowing backward was evaluated and zoned. The results are as follows: 1) It is obvious that the larger the flood of the Huanghe River, the larger the area of inversely flow deposition, and the more the water level in the reaches of the Weihe River, vice versa. 2) The highest risk regions usually located in the eastness of Dali near by the main stream in Xiaobei of the Huang River and the riverside regions of Tongguan, Huayin, Huaxian, Weinan and Lintong. The higher risk regions are located in the northeastern part of Dali and the common boundary of Weinan and Lintong on the southness shore of mainstream watershed of the Weihe River. Then, the remainder is lower risk regions. 3) Westward moving of the estuary of the Weihe River to the Huang River and flowing backward are the cause-and-effect, which not only resultd in shrinking of the riverbed at the lower reaches of the Weihe River, but also reducing the ability of flood transflux. So there is a complexion of small flux, high water level and big disaster. 4) In order to reduce the risk degree of flowing backward, as the given result, the district regionalism and local protection must be broken to implement the integrated program of the watershed and to decline the Tongguan stage to stabilize the physiognomy at the estuary of the Weihe River to the Huang River.

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