地理科学 ›› 2007, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (2): 188-192.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2007.02.188

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

贵州省猫跳河流域耕地空间分布格局模拟

王秀春, 黄秋昊, 蔡运龙, 彭建   

  1. 北京大学资源环境与地理学系土地科学中心, 北京, 100871
  • 收稿日期:2005-11-01 修回日期:2006-04-12 出版日期:2007-03-20 发布日期:2007-03-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(40335046);教育部高等学校博士学科点专项基金(20040001038)资助

Simulation of Farmland Spatial Pattern in Maotiao River Basin,Guizhou Province

WANG Xiu-Chun, HUANG Qiu-Hao, CAI Yun-Long, PENG Jian   

  1. Department of Resources, Environment & Geography, Center for Land Study, Peking University, Beijing 100871
  • Received:2005-11-01 Revised:2006-04-12 Online:2007-03-20 Published:2007-03-20

摘要: 选取贵州省猫跳河流域1995年度海拔高度、坡度、人口密度、人均GDP等栅格数据,通过随机空间采样,建立1995年耕地空间分布概率多元Logistic回归方程。运用GIS技术,结合2000年相关数据,模拟2000年该流域的耕地空间分布格局,并与实际的2000年耕地空间分布格局进行验证,结果较为理想,为土地利用变化的空间分布格局模拟提供一种新方法。

关键词: 土地利用格局, 耕地空间分布模拟, 多元逻辑斯回归, 贵州猫跳河流域

Abstract: Land use change is an important research subject of global environmental change and sustainable development.Much attention is paid to land use change simulations because they can betterly display the mechanism of land use change and make out the relevant policies.The Maotiao River valley is located in the middle of Guizhou Province,with the developed agriculture in karst mountain area.This paper selects the elevation,slope,population density,per capita GDP as the independent variables,construct multiple logistic regression(MLR) of farmland spatial distribution probability by random sampling.Then using the GIS technology and integrating the 2000’s relevant data,this paper simulated the farmland distribution map.When compared the simulation map with the actual 2000’s farmland distribution map,about 71% of the simulation is in accordance with the 2000’s farmland map.The result is quite satisfactory.

Key words: land use pattern, farmland spatial distribution simulation, multiple logistic regression, Maotiao River basin, Guizhou Province

中图分类号: 

  • P301.24