地理科学 ›› 2007, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (1): 9-16.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2007.01.9

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国城市经济活力评价

金延杰   

  1. 南京大学城市与区域规划系, 江苏, 南京, 210093
  • 收稿日期:2006-05-14 修回日期:2006-12-14 出版日期:2007-01-20 发布日期:2007-01-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(40435013):中国城市化类型、过程类型与动力机制研究和教育部985二期“城市化与城市科学”科技平台资助

Study on Urban Economic Vatality Index in China

JIN Yan-Jie   

  1. Department of Urban and Resources Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210093
  • Received:2006-05-14 Revised:2006-12-14 Online:2007-01-20 Published:2007-01-20

摘要: 城市经济活力是指一个城市经济发展中所具有的发展能力与潜力。以经济总量及其增长、企业及其收益、居民收入、财政与社会保障、外贸与外资、技术水平与教育及环境7个方面的若干指标为评价标准,运用因子分析法对全国重要的50个城市进行城市经济活力指数的定量研究。

Abstract: Economic competition usually takes place on levels of country,industry and enterprise.With the economic globalization,cities have been the main body of competition.In China,economic total amount and developmental rate play an important role in evaluation of urban economic activity which roots in enterprises(mostly the nongovernmental business),foreign trade and capital.The income level of local residents decides the attraction to labor force which is the endogenetic energy of economic activity.Finance and social security system are perceived as important guarantees for urban development.The level of technology and education is becoming an important source of the increase of economy. Environment which correlates the sustainable development is placed high value on as an external factor of economic development.This paper uses factor analysis method to evaluate 50 cities in China from aspects of economy and its growth,amount and income of enterprises,income of residents,finance and social security,foreign trade and capital,level of technology and education,and environment. Urban benefits and production are main factors of the economic vitality.The 50 cities are classified as five levels by scores.The most developed cities lie in the Changjiang(Yangtze) River Delta Area and Zhujiang(Pearl) River Delta.Shanghai and Shenzhen which play the important role in the areas belong to the first level.The gap between coastal cities and inland ones is still large.

中图分类号: 

  • F290