地理科学 ›› 2003, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (2): 218-222.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2003.02.218

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

广州城市可持续发展及企业行为研究

许学强1, 葛永军1, 张俊军2   

  1. 1. 中山大学城市与区域研究中心, 广东 广州 510275;
    2. 中国工商银行广东省分行, 广东 广州 510120
  • 出版日期:2003-03-20 发布日期:2003-03-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(49831003)。

Sustainable Development and Enterprise Behaviors in Guangzhou City

XU Xue-Qiang1, GE Yong-Jun1, ZHANG Jun-Jun2   

  1. 1. Center for Urban and Regional Studies, Zhongshan University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510275;
    2. Guangdong Branch, Industrial and Commercial Bank of China, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510120
  • Online:2003-03-20 Published:2003-03-20

摘要: 广州城市总体上朝可持续方向发展,但多呈现弱可持续发展状态。主要原因是经济增长牺牲了部分环境,具体表现在生活用水浪费、工业用水重复率低、工业粉尘排放量大、物质利用率低。企业是城市经济的实体单元,其环保意识和环保行为对城市可持续发展起着至关重要的作用。调查发现,企业的经营目标已转向利润最大化,但环境意识较薄弱。广州企业的环保行为表现出被动的特点,且环保投入比例过低,环保机构作用弱,多进行末端处理,需进一步改善。

Abstract: This paper makes a comprehensive assessment of Guangzhou's urban sustainable development, and analyzes its utilization of natural resources and energy. The results are: since the reform and opening up, Guangzhou City is advancing towards sustainable development, but it is at the expense of environmental degradation to some extend. The expressing problem of Guangzhou is that urban ecological system is being destroyed, which are prominently presented by the waste of living water; the lower reuse-rate of industry water; the huge emission of industrial dusts; and the lower use-rate of materials. Enterprises are the basic unit of urban economy, and their consciousness and behaviors of environmental protection are critical to urban sustainable development. According to questionnaires, the aim of Guangzhou's enterprises has transferred to profit maximization, but their consciousness of environmental protection is too weak. As to their behaviors of environmental protection, Guangzhou's enterprises are somewhat passive: their driving forces of investment on environmental protection are from Environmental Protection Law, the citizens' suing, and the government regulations; their investment on environmental protection is too low; their environmental protection organ plays a less important role; they dispose pollution at the end stage of production.

中图分类号: 

  • F290