地理科学 ›› 2002, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (3): 360-364.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2002.03.360

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

北京市O3污染的区域特征分析

王淑兰1, 柴发合2   

  1. 1. 吉林大学地球探测科学与技术学院, 吉林 长春 130026;
    2. 中国环境科学研究院, 北京 100012
  • 收稿日期:2001-08-16 修回日期:2001-11-29 出版日期:2002-05-20 发布日期:2002-05-20
  • 基金资助:
    北京市科委项目"北京市大气污染控制对策研究".

Provincial Characteristics of Ozone Pollution in Beijing

WANG Shu-lan1, CHAI Fa-he2   

  1. 1. Faculty of Geoexploration Science and Technology, Jilin University, Changchun Jilin 130026;
    2. Environmental Institute of China, Beijing 100012
  • Received:2001-08-16 Revised:2001-11-29 Online:2002-05-20 Published:2002-05-20

摘要: 通过优化布点试验,对北京市O3及其主要前体物NO2、NOx进行了强化监测,描述了北京目前O3污染的区域特征。通过数据分析,初步探讨了北京市大气对流层O3的形成机制及其与主要前体物浓度的相关性。

Abstract: Ozone is an important minor constituent of the natural atmosphere, whose average content is 10-2-10-1μg/cm3. It mostly gathers in 10-30km stratosphere, only about 10% is distributed in troposphere. Ozone plays an important role in atmosphere chemistry, and it can protect human and environment in stratosphere. But if ozone content is too high in troposphere, the health of human will be harmed.Ozone in troposphere results from photochemical reaction of NOx or/and hydrocarbon released by natural and artificial sources. Recently, with the increase of autombiles in possession and the use of fuel, oil products and organic dope, the concentration of NOx and VOC rise in atmosphere. Ozone pollution in troposphere is more and more serious. In this article, a network of sampling stations is designed and optimized, ozone and its precursors NO2, NOx are monitored in Beijing, and the current important characteristics of ozone pollution are analyzed and described. Through analyzing and processing data, ozone formative mechanism in troposphere and correlativity between main precursors concentration and ozone in troposphere are discussed.

中图分类号: 

  • X511