地理科学 ›› 2001, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (4): 354-359.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2001.04.354

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

大城市环城游憩带(ReBAM)研究——以上海市为例

吴必虎   

  1. 北京大学城市与环境学系, 北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2000-03-08 修回日期:2000-09-12 出版日期:2001-07-20 发布日期:2001-07-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(批准号49771037)支持研究。

A Study on Recreational Belt Around Metropolis (ReBAM):Shanghai Case

WU Bi-hu   

  1. Department of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, 100871
  • Received:2000-03-08 Revised:2000-09-12 Online:2001-07-20 Published:2001-07-20

摘要: 定义了环城游憩带(Recreational Belt Around Metropolis,ReBAM)的概念,并以中国最大城市上海为案例,对影响ReBAM的形成的基本要素、土地利用特征和空间结构进行了研究。研究发现,旅游成本与土地租金的相互作用是决定ReBAM区位的主要力量,而游憩需求、投资偏好和政策导向是影响ReBAM的形成与发展的主要因素;ReBAM的土地利用特征根据游客进入成本的不同可以区分为高、中、低3种不同等级;ReBAM的空间特征可由可达性、等游线和活动密度等指标来描述。

Abstract: This study is the first one among current studies investigating the near distance and suburban tourism in China, which resulted in the conceptual framework of Recreational Belt Around Metropolis, abbreviated thereafter as ReBAM.Taking Shanghai city, the largest metropolis of China, as a case, the study analyzes the location mechanism, formation process, land use patterns, accessibility, tourist behavior and spatial structure of ReBAM.The study reveals that travel cost to tourists and land price to investors determine simultaneously the location of ReBAM, where tourism planners find their favorite sites for city tourism development.Specifically, this study used Shanghai as a case to described the formation of ReBAM and examined the factors that affect such formation.These factors include demand on weekend recreation, investment preferences of developer, and regional development policy of local government.Three types of recreational land use were identified according to the entrance fee structures.These include 1) low-price section:public recreational facilities sanctioned by government, 2) medium-price section:joint ventures between government and private sector, and 3) high-price section:recreational facilities developed and operated by private sector.The results showed that the ReBAM exhibited three unique and elementary spatial features.They are 1) weak linkage network, 2) distance decay of travel behavior, and 3) activity density diffusion.The significance of the study’s findings goes beyond the proposal of ReBAM.It presents practical implications for tourism planning and development.Based on the principles of ReBAM, the author proposed a three ring-shaped spatial structure for tourism development in Beijing, the capital city of China:central, urban fringe and rural outskirts.

中图分类号: 

  • F591.99