地理科学 ›› 2000, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (1): 39-44.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2000.01.39

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

黄土高原古土壤形态特征的差异及成因探讨

胡雪峰1,2, 周杰2, 孙有斌2, 安芷生2   

  1. 1. 华东师范大学地理系 上海200062;
    2. 中国科学院黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室 陕西西安710054
  • 收稿日期:1999-06-09 修回日期:1999-11-16 出版日期:2000-01-20 发布日期:2000-01-20
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室基金资助项目(批准号:LLQG9713)

Different Morphological Features of the Paleosols in the Loess Plateau, Northwest China and Their Formations

HU Xue-feng1,2, ZHOU Jie2, SUN You-bin2, AN Zhi-sheng2   

  1. 1. Department of Geography, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062;
    2. State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi’an Shaanxi 71005
  • Received:1999-06-09 Revised:1999-11-16 Online:2000-01-20 Published:2000-01-20

摘要: 灵台剖面第四纪晚期古土壤——这里指S8及其上古土壤;第四纪中早期古土壤——这里指离石黄土S9及其下古土壤和午城黄土中所有古土壤;第三纪古土壤——指第三纪红粘土,在形态特征上有明显区别。这种区别是由于古成土过程中水分运行方式的不同造成的。根据形态特征和古成土过程水作用方式的差异,把上述3个时代的古土壤依次称为淋溶型古土壤、滞水型古土壤和地下水升降型古土壤。不同时代古土壤成土过程水作用方式的这种差异,是由降水量、尘降速率等环境因素的改变引起的,在黄土高原具有普遍性。正确地认识这一问题有助于更好地解译黄土高原晚新生代以来的古气候和古环境。

Abstract: The Lingtai section includes both the Quaternary loess-paleosol sequence and the Tertiary red clay. The investigations revealed that the morphological features of the paleosols of the section formed in late Quaternary (S0-S8), middle and early Quaternary (S9-S41) and late Tertiary (the Tertiary red clay) were different to large extent. It was caused by the different water migrating patterns during the paleo-pedogenetic processes. According to the variations of the morphological features and the paleo-pedogenesis, the paleosols in the different periods mentioned above were classified as the leaching-type paleosols, the stagnating type paleosols and the ground-water-fluctuating-type paleosols, respectively. The variations of the paleosols’ morphological features, which are common in the Loess Plateau, were caused by the changes of environmental factors, mainly precipitation and dust accumulation rate. A correct understanding of it will help us further interpret the palaeo-climates and palaeo-environments of the Loess Plateau, northwest China since the late Cenozoic.

中图分类号: 

  • S152.2