地理科学 ›› 2010, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (4): 630-635.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2010.04.630

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

河北省平山县水帘洞遗址地质地貌环境初探

黄华芳1, 李智广2, 王健1, 许清海1   

  1. 1. 河北师范大学河北省环境演变与生态建设实验室, 河北 石家庄 050016;
    2. 石家庄经济学院, 河北 石家庄 050031
  • 收稿日期:2009-12-19 修回日期:2010-03-19 出版日期:2010-07-20 发布日期:2010-07-20

Geological and Geomorphological Environment in Shuilian Cave Area, Pingshan County,Hebei Province

HUANG Hua-fang1, LI Zhi-guang2, WANG Jian1, XU Qinghai1   

  1. 1. Hebei Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Ecological Construction, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050016;
    2. Shijiazhuang University of Economics, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050031
  • Received:2009-12-19 Revised:2010-03-19 Online:2010-07-20 Published:2010-07-20

摘要: 水帘洞遗址位于河北省平山县西南部沕沕水生态风景区九天沐雨瀑布之后的水帘洞内。在古人类活动留下的灰烬层中发现了大量动物骨头化石和石器。根据地貌发展阶段、动物骨骼化石和石器特征,初步推测古人类生存的时代为30 ka B.P.左右的旧石器时代晚期。孢粉分析结果反映古人类生存时期的气候条件比较温和。沕沕水地区地质地貌调查和洞穴发育研究表明,水帘洞形成于中晚更新世构造稳定期,为古人类生存活动提供了良好场所,早全新世受构造活动影响,洞穴遭到破坏,古人类迁徙它处。

Abstract: A paleoanthropological site was discovered in the Shuilian cave which is behind the Jiutianmuyu waterfall of Huhushui ecological spot, Southwest Pingshan County, Hebei Province. A lot of animal bone fossils and stone implements were dug out in ash layers which were the vestiges of the ancients. Study on geological-geomorphological evolution, fossils, stones and pollen analysis indicated roughlly that the ancients were lived in the period of the late Palaeolithic Age about 30 kyr B.P. probably. Pollen analysis reflected further that the climate was mildness in the period of the ancients living. The investigation in and around the cave showed that Shuilian cave was formed in tectonic quiet periods during the Middle and Late Pleistocene, which provided a good place for ancients to exist and live in. It was probably that the ancients lived in this area from the late Pleistocene and migrated to other place while the caves broken during the early Holocene.

中图分类号: 

  • X14