地理科学 ›› 2012, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (5): 570-576.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2012.05.570

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都市圈旅游空间结构演变研究——以长三角都市圈为例

朱付彪1(), 陆林1(), 於冉2, 鲍捷3   

  1. 1.安徽师范大学国土资源与旅游学院旅游发展与规划研究中心,安徽 芜湖 241003
    2.南京大学地理与海洋科学学院,江苏 南京 210093
    3.北京师范大学地理学与遥感科学学院,北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2011-09-26 修回日期:2012-03-19 出版日期:2012-05-20 发布日期:2012-05-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:朱付彪(1984-),男,安徽阜阳人,硕士,主要从事旅游地理和城市地理研究。E-mail: zhufub@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(40771059)资助

Tourism Spatial Structure Evolution of Metropolitan Area: A Case Study of Changjiang River Delta Metropolitan Area

Fu-biao ZHU1(), Lin LU1(), Ran YU2, Jie BAO3   

  1. 1.Research Center of Tourism Planning and Development, College of Territorial Resources and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu, Anhui 241003, China
    2. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210093, China
    3. School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2011-09-26 Revised:2012-03-19 Online:2012-05-20 Published:2012-05-20

摘要:

旅游空间结构演变研究,对优化都市圈旅游空间结构、促进都市圈整体旅游地形成和发挥都市圈旅游空间效应与功能有重要意义。以旅游人数和旅游收入为指标,利用赫芬达尔指数和位序—规模模型进行分析,并结合长三角都市圈旅游发展实际考察其旅游空间结构演变态势。结果表明,长三角都市圈旅游者和旅游收入空间分布趋向分散,各城市旅游发展相对差异不断缩小,其旅游发展趋向均衡化。长三角都市圈旅游发展实际也显示,其旅游空间结构呈现多中心、网络化和一体化特点。从长期来看,长三角都市圈旅游空间结构演变趋向高水平均衡。借鉴空间相互作用理论,认为以可达性、互补性和替代性为必要条件,以集聚和扩散作用为主要形式,以资金、技术、人员、信息和经验等的流动为主要内容,各城市旅游空间相互作用推动了都市圈旅游空间结构不断由低水平均衡向高水平均衡演变。旅游企业扩张和旅游客流流动带动了旅游资金、技术、人员、信息和经验等的集聚和扩散,推动了都市圈旅游空间结构演变。

关键词: 都市圈, 旅游空间结构演变, 长三角

Abstract:

It is significant to optimize spatial structure and promote tourism destination building of metropolitan tourism by studying tourism spatial structure evolution of metropolitan area, which have an important meaning in playing the function and spatial effects of metropolis tourism. The article, based on the data of tourist number and tourism revenue, using Herfindal index and model of regression analysis of rank-size, studys the evolution of tourism spatial structure evolution of Changjiang River delta metropolitan area. The result demonstrates that the q value of Changjiang River delta metropolitan area decreases from 1999 to 2008. The q value of inbound tourism decreases from 1.861 to 1.438 in 1999-2008. The q value of domestic tourism decreases from 1.155 to 0.779, smaller than 1 after 2003. Also its Herfindal index value of inbound tourism decreases from 0.371 to 0.237 and domestic tourism decreases from 0.219 to 0.105. Only the value of domestic tourism Herfindal index in 2000 is greater than year of 1999. It shows that the density of tourist number and tourism income of domestic tourism is smaller than inbound tourism. So the relative disparity of tourism development among cities is shrinking and tourism development tends to equilibrium in Changjiang River delta metropolitan area. In fact, the tourism development is multi-centered, networked, integrated and balanced, and tends to high-level equalization in the Changjiang River delta metropolitan area. Then we discuss its evolution mechanism of tourism spatial structure using the theory of tourism space interaction. It considers that the evolution of tourism spatial structure of metropolitan area may experience such processes as low-level equalization, concentration, diffusion and high-level equalization from the earlier to late period. In this periods, the tourism space interaction play an important role, and the accessibility, complementary and alternative provide necessary conditions for the tourism space interaction among cities of metropolitan area. As main forms of the tourism space interaction, the accumulation and diffusion of tourism finance, technology, personnel, information and experience and other factors promote the evolution tourism spatial structure of metropolitan area from low-level equalization to the high-level equalization. Finally, this article explores the mechanism of tourism spatial structure evolution of metropolitan area from the view of the expansion of tourism enterprises and spatial behavior of tourists which play an important role in evolution of tourism spatial structure of metropolitan area wholly.

Key words: metropolitan area, tourism spatial structure evolution, Changjiang River Delta

中图分类号: 

  • F592.99