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### 高速公路对区域发展影响的评价体系研究——以山东省为例

1. 1.东北师范大学城市与环境科学学院,吉林 长春130024
2.山东师范大学人口·资源与环境学院,山东 济南 250014
3.山东省乳山市第五中学,山东 威海 264511
• 收稿日期:2011-11-14 修回日期:2012-04-10 出版日期:2012-07-20 发布日期:2012-07-20
• 作者简介:

作者简介：刘瑞超(1986-),男,山东青岛人,博士研究生,主要从事区域经济学研究。E-mail：lrc1006@gmail.com

• 基金资助:
国家自然科学基金项目（40771060）、山东省优秀中青年科学家科研奖励基金计划（BS2010SF024）资助

### The Impact Assessment System of Expressway on Regional Development: A Case Study of Shandong Province

Rui-chao LIU1,2(), Si-bao DING1, Cheng-xin WANG2, Jing-jie SUN2,3

1. 1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, Jilin 130024, China
2. College of Population Resource and Environment, Shandong Normal University, Jinan, Shandong 250014, China
3.The Fifth Middle School of Rushan, Weihai, Shandong 264511, China
• Received:2011-11-14 Revised:2012-04-10 Online:2012-07-20 Published:2012-07-20

Abstract:

As an important transportation facility of modern society, the expressway shortens the regional space-time distance and satisfies people's desire for speed and efficiency. It has changed the mode of production and people's lifestyle immensely and quickly becomes the artery of regional transportation network and important bridge of regional logistics. In order to give a comprehensive study of the influence situation and difference of expressway on regional development, the research designs the "indices selection-weight determination and modification-evaluation calculation" assessment process of the expressway's influence on the regional development. From economic, social and environmental perspective, it establishes index system, and structures DAEF model based on Delphi method, Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), Entropy method and Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation Approach (FCE). This assessment system is applied to the empirical study of Shandong Province in order to examine its scientificalness and practicability. The assessment system can reflect the situation of expressway's influence on the regional development accurately. The expressway has more and more important influence on the development of Shandong Province; it has a positive effect on regional economy and social development, on the contrary, has a negative effect on regional environmental change. The system also can reflect the variation of sensitivity of various index for expressway's responses. The assessment system can reflect spatial difference of expressway on the regional economy and society accurately. The expressway has a stronger influence on current area of Shandong Province than its potential one. The expressway economy and social influence in each area has a decreasing trend from east to west. There is a phenomenon that the north is more strongly influenced than the south in the middle part, namely, the influence of the expressway on the "Shandong Peninsula Blue Economic Region" and "Metropolitan circle of Jinan" is the strongest, the influence on the "Huanghe River Delta Effective Eco-Economic Region” takes the second and the "Lu-Nan Economic Belt" is the least. The expressway's environmental influence on two areas is roughly equal, even sometimes the influence on current area is weaker than that of potential area. The demonstration has been examined. The assessment system can reflect the situation of expressway's influence on the regional development and spatial difference of expressway on the regional economy and society accurately. But the assessment of regional environment influence is not ideal enough. The direct performance is that the classification effect of influence degree is not obvious. The reason is the monetization of expressway's environment externality is difficult to realize. The demonstration data is calculated out based on the statistics which uses administrative units as the basic calculation units, rather than the single calculation of each expressway's O-D volume. The monetization of expressway's environment externality will be the improved emphasis and basis of the assessment system.

• F061.5