地理科学 ›› 2014, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (1): 67-75.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2014.01.67

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2001年以来环洞庭湖区经济城镇化与人口城镇化进程的对比研究

王亚力(), 彭保发, 熊建新, 王青   

  1. 湖南文理学院资源环境与旅游学院,湖南 常德 415000
  • 收稿日期:2012-12-25 修回日期:2013-03-25 出版日期:2014-01-10 发布日期:2014-01-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:王亚力(1965-),男,湖南桃源人,教授,博士,主要从事区域经济及旅游开发研究。E-mail:wangyali6835@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社科一般项目(12YJAZH146、12YJAZH166)、国家社会科学基金项目(13BJY025)、湖南省社科基金委托项目(12JD53)、湖南文理学院博士启动基金项目(107/13101035)资助

The Economy Urbanization and Population Urbanization of Dongting Lake Area in China Since 2001

Ya-li WANG(), Bao-fa PENG, Jian-xing XIONG, Qing WANG   

  1. College of Resources and Environment and Tourism, Hunan University of Arts and Science, Changde, Hunan 415000, China
  • Received:2012-12-25 Revised:2013-03-25 Online:2014-01-10 Published:2014-01-10

摘要:

以城镇人口占总人口的比重为人口城镇化的指标,以第二三产业增加值占GDP的比重为经济城镇化的指标,以历年统计数据为基础,围绕经济城镇化与人口城镇化的关系,利用EXCEL、SPSS、MAPGIS等软件,对2001年以来环洞庭湖区人口城镇化和经济城镇化进程进行了时间序列和空间序列的定量分析。从时间序列的对比来看,2001年以来,环洞庭湖区城镇化进程加快,但经济城镇化对人口城镇化的带动效率明显低于湖北、湖南和全国平均水平,使得人口城镇化滞后的程度在2007年后明显加剧;从空间序列的分析来看,湖区人口城镇化和经济城镇化水平呈现出核心区低,边缘区高,外围区低的同心带状结构,但人口城镇化最快的是边缘区域,而经济城镇化进程已由边缘区域向核心区域拓展。

关键词: 人口城镇化, 经济城镇化, 时间序列, 空间序列, 环洞庭湖区

Abstract:

Basing on statistical data over years, focusing on the relationship between economy urbanization and population urbanization, using softwares of EXCEL,SPSS and MAPGIS, this article makes a series of quantitative analyses on temporal and spatial series of population urbanization and economy urbanization of Dongting Lake Area since the 2001, in which the ratio of urban population to the total population serves as the index of population urbanization while the ratio of added value of secondary and tertiary industry to GDP is taken as the index of economy urbanization. As for contrastive analyses of time series, although urbanization of Dongting Lake Area has accelerated obviously since 2001, comparing with Hubei Province, Hunan Province and the whole China, economy urbanization of Dongting Lake Area still cannot drive population urbanization effectively. As a result, the lagging situation of population urbanization to economy urbanization of Dongting Lake Area has sharply aggravated since 2007. As for contrastive analyses of spatial series, both levels of economy urbanization and population urbanization of Dongting Lake area present concentric ribbon structures in which core region and peripheral region show a low level while marginal region reveals a high level. However, proceeding of population urbanization of marginal region is the fastest in Dongting Lake Area, and economy urbanization has being expanded from marginal region to core region. On the premise of ensuring food safety and ecological safety, for the sake of sound development of urbanization of Dongting Lake Area, eliminating resistances to population urbanization of Dongting Lake Area and increasing influence of economy urbanization on population urbanization are two key points. Besides, speeding assembling population and industries to marginal region is the crux of both promoting the interaction between population urbanization and economy urbanization, and increasing economic benefits of urbanization; Advancing the proceedings of agriculture industrialization and modernization of core region and peripheral region and promoting transformation of agricultural labor and transference of rural population are the keys to maintain social and ecological benefits of urbanization.

Key words: population urbanization, economy urbanization, time series, spatial series, Dongting Lake Area

中图分类号: 

  • F291