地理科学 ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (5): 644-651.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2015.05.644

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黄柏山树轮生长对气候因子的响应及模拟

彭剑峰1(), 王婷2   

  1. 1.河南大学资源与环境研究所/河南大学环境与规划学院, 开封 河南 475004
    2. 河南农业大学林学院, 郑州 河南 450002
  • 收稿日期:2014-01-28 修回日期:2014-03-10 出版日期:2015-05-20 发布日期:2015-05-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:彭剑峰(1965-),男,河南南阳人,副教授,博士,主要从事树轮气候学和生态学。E-mail:jianfengpeng@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然基金项目(31270493)、河南省教育厅自然科学基金项目(2011B170003)、河南大学校内科研基金重点项目(2010ZRZD06)、河南大学资源与环境研究所项目(HD-2HS-2010-02)资助

Response and Model of Tree-rings Growth to Climate Factors at Huangbaishan Mountain in Henan Province

Jian-feng PENG1(), Ting WANG2   

  1. 1.Institute of Resource and Environment, College of Environment and Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng, Henan 475004, China
    2.College of Forestry, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou, Henan 450002, China
  • Received:2014-01-28 Revised:2014-03-10 Online:2015-05-20 Published:2015-05-20

摘要:

利用大别山西部的3个黄山松(Pinus taiwanensis Hayata)树木年轮采样点的样本,建立3个标准年表,其特征值都表明黄山松树木年轮宽度中含有较高的环境信息;年表间相关密切,区域主要受气候因子影响、南北差异显著;年表与气候因素的相关也显示不同环境生长的黄山松差异性要大于共性;同样多元线性回归也确定该研究区影响树木生长的主导因子为前一年10月的均温,而前一年8月的降水同样起着非常重要的作用。不同要素的模拟结果有较好的一致性,但极端气候条件下树木的生长差异显著。

关键词: 树木年轮, 气候响应, 大别山, 黄山松

Abstract:

We developed three tree-ring width standard chronology from three Huangshan pine (Pinus taiwanensis) tree-ring sampling sites at Huangbaish Mountain in the western Dabieshan Mountain, Xinyang City of Henan Province. 1) 3 standard chronologies were developed by using the international general method of tree rings, the results of their chronology eigenvalues and statistical characteristics from common times indicated that higher environmental information was contained in Huangshan Pine tree-rings, nevertheless the first-order autocorrelation coefficient showed that there was the larger influence from the prior period of the tree-ring growth; 2) The results of correlation analysis (CA) and principal component analysis (PCA) showed that they closely related among 3 standard chronologies, but the result of PCA indicated that PC1 standing for the dominant factor was the climate environment factor and significant difference found from north to south, and PC2 and PC3 showed high altitude and sunny slope were conducive to the growth of Huangshan Pine; 3) Based on dendroclimatological analyses the relationships between tree-ring width indexes of whole research region and 3 sampling sites and climatic factors were detected there were some common impact factors to Huangshan Pine from different growth environment, but much more difference than that of in common; 4) By using multiple linear regression method, the regional tree-ring growth patterns were established about different influence factors, the stepwise linear regression results also identified that the dominant factor of affect trees growth in the whole study area was prior October temperature, and precipitation of previous August also plays a very important role in tree growth process. The results verify these of dendroclimatological research. The models of different elements have good consistency; tree growth difference is remarkable under extreme weather conditions.

Key words: tree-ring, climatic response, Dabieshan Mountain, Huangshan pine

中图分类号: 

  • P935