地理科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (2): 168-176.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.02.002

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中国地市工业集聚与污染排放的空间特征及计量检验

胡志强1,2(), 苗健铭3, 苗长虹1,2()   

  1. 1.河南大学黄河文明与可持续发展研究中心暨黄河文明传承与现代文明建设河南省协同创新中心, 河南 开封 475001
    2. 河南大学环境与规划学院, 河南 开封 475004
    3. 河南大学国际教育学院, 河南 开封 475001
  • 收稿日期:2017-03-27 修回日期:2017-07-15 出版日期:2018-04-10 发布日期:2018-04-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:胡志强(1988-),男,江苏连云港人,博士研究生,主要从事区域发展与规划研究。E-mail: whhuzhiqiang@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41430637)资助

Spatial Characteristics and Econometric Test of Industrial Agglomeration and Pollutant Emissions in China

Zhiqiang Hu1,2(), Jianming Miao3, Changhong Miao1,2()   

  1. 1.Key Research Institute of Yellow River Civilization and Sustainable Development & Collaborative Innovation Center on Yellow River Civilization of Henan Province, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, Henan, China;
    2. College of Environment and Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, Henan, China
    3.International Education College, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, Henan, China
  • Received:2017-03-27 Revised:2017-07-15 Online:2018-04-10 Published:2018-04-10
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41430637)

摘要:

采用空间分析和计量模型等方法,研究中国285个地级及以上城市工业集聚和污染排放的空间特征及内在关系,结果表明:工业集聚与污染排放的重心分布、轨迹、距离、速度差异较大。东部的工业集聚水平高于中西部,工业污染中西部更突出。工业集聚与污染排放总体呈负相关关系,局域上分为低高、高低、低低3种关联类型。工业集聚在全国及东中西部均有利于降低工业污染,但是对不同区域减排作用的大小有所不同,作用由大到小依次是西部、中部和东部。 对于工业污染的防治,应继续走集聚化道路。东部要优化产业结构,控制合理的集聚规模;中西部应加强产业集聚,提高技术溢出的污染减排效应。

关键词: 工业集聚, 工业废水, 工业SO2, 空间关联, 计量检验

Abstract:

Since the reform and opening, industrialization has promoted the rapid growth of China’s economy. However, the industrial pollution made by industrial development has caused a great pressure on the environment and a series of environmental problems. The relationship between industrial scale and industrial pollutant emissions will be different due to the difference of regional development stage, industrial structure, technological level and pollution control. The total amount of industrial pollutant emissions in China is very different, and there exists an obvious mismatch between industrial pollutant emissions and industrial agglomeration level. This research focuses on the following questions: What is the spatial distribution of industrial agglomeration and industrial pollutant emissionsin China? What is their spatial correlation? By using the methods of gravity analysis of geographic concentration, spatial correlation, econometric model, and the data of 285 cities in China from 2003 to 2013, this article studied the spatial distribution characteristics and spatial correlation of industrial agglomeration and emissions of industrial wastewater and industrial SO2, and examined the role of industrial agglomeration level on industrial pollutant emissions. The main conclusions are as following: 1) The gravity center of industrial agglomeration and pollutant emissions is different in distribution, trajectory, distance and speed. The gravity center of industrial agglomeration level first shifted north and then southward. The gravity center of industrial waste water is moving southward. The industrial SO2 pollution shows the “S” movement trajectory. The gravity center of industrial agglomeration level moves longer and faster. 2) The industrial concentration level in the eastern region is higher than that in the middle and western region, and the intensity of industrial pollutant emissions is more prominent in the western and middle region. 3) There is a negative correlation between industrial agglomeration level and industrial pollutant emission intensity, there exists three types of spatial match between the level of industrial pollutant emission intensity and industrial agglomeration, which are high-low, low-high and low-low. 4) Industrial agglomeration is beneficial to reduce industrial pollutant emissions in the whole country and different regions. Industrial agglomeration has a greater effect on industrial pollutant emission reduction in the western and middle than in the east region. 5) To control industrial pollutant emission, China should continue to promote the industrial agglomeration and take different measures according to local conditions. In eastern China, efforts should be made to the control of the scale of industrial agglomeration, the optimizing of the industrial structure and the using of the positive externalities. The middle and western regions should further increase the concentration of industry, and promote the effect on emission reduction of technological spillover and technological advancements.

Key words: industrial development, industrial waste water, industrial SO2, spatial correlation, econometric test

中图分类号: 

  • F129.9