地理科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (6): 838-848.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.06.002

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后人文主义视角下的中国地缘政治话语研究

安宁1(), 朱竑2()   

  1. 1.广州大学地理科学学院/华南人文地理与城市发展研究中心,广东 广州 510006
    2.华南师范大学文化地理与文化产业研究中心,广东 广州 510631
  • 收稿日期:2017-05-30 修回日期:2018-04-12 出版日期:2018-06-20 发布日期:2018-06-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:安宁(1987-), 男, 陕西汉中人, 博士,讲师,主要从事政治地理研究。 E-mail: ning_ann@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41630635)、国家自然科学基金项目(41701149)资助

Examining Chinese Geopolitical Discourses Under the Theoretical Framework of Posthumanism

Ning An1(), Hong Zhu2()   

  1. 1.Centre for Human Geography and Urban Development, School of Geographical Sciences, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong, China
    2.Centre for Cultural Industry and Cultural Geography, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2017-05-30 Revised:2018-04-12 Online:2018-06-20 Published:2018-06-20
  • Supported by:
    Key Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China (41630635), The Youth Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China (41701149)

摘要:

援引后人文主义地理学作为批判地缘政治学的一个延续,以《人民日报》纸媒和官方微博为例,采用NVivo分析和对比分析的方法探讨了“美国反恐”这个当代热点地缘政治话题在两个不同媒体空间被呈现的形式。基于后人文主义思潮对物质的关注,讨论了“人”及其地缘环境认知是否受“物质”(在文中具化为网络技术)影响而动摇其在理解“人地关系”过程中的支配地位。研究发现:一方面网络技术多线参与和呈指数型信息传播的特征使得网络空间出现了多元化的声音并最终呈现出多元和复杂的网络地缘政治景观;另一方面,网络技术迫使当代媒体追求“快”和“新”从而摒弃了传统媒体所强调的权威、真实和逻辑性,取而代之的是情绪化的话语表述,呼应了后人文主义地理学对人以外的要素的关注,讨论了网络技术作为一种物质要素对“人地关系”认知的影响。研究证实,受网络技术及其带来的信息革命的影响,它在一定程度上确实能够对具有主体性的人的地缘认识产生影响。

关键词: 后人文主义, 地缘政治话语, 物质性, 美国反恐, 因特网, NVivo分析

Abstract:

Highlighting the significance of ‘humanity’ in understanding of ‘human-land relations’, the humanist thinking has a great impact upon the current research in the field of human geography. Taking the sub-field of geopolitics as an example, the current geopolitical research has focused too much on the element of humanity for the production of geopolitical knowledge, which is majorly related to the study of ‘critical geopolitics’. However, the most recent studies in human geography have begun to re-emphasize on the importance of ‘materiality’ under the theoretical framework of posthumanism, discussing how the materiality subverts the subjectivity of the humanity. On this basis, this article draws on the case study of People’s Daily and Sina Weibo and adopts the methods of NVivo and comparative study to explore how topic of the US war on terror is discussed in these two various media spaces, from the lens of posthumanism which, to a great extent, can be read as an extension of critical geopolitics. Specifically, this article explores whether and (if so) to what extent the humanity and their understanding of geopolitics are under the impact of the ‘materiality’ (which is embodied as Internet technology in this article), and whether the dominance of humanity in the understanding of human-land relationship is and will be challenged. The NVivo analysis and the comparative study shows that, the Internet technology to a significant extent impacts Chinese people’s subjectivity and their geo-understandings, for the reason of its revolutionary influence upon political communications. To be exactly, the feature of the multi-intervention and exponential ways of communication in the Internet based communities has finally resulted in the multivariate media landscape in this space. Moreover, the Internet technology has urged the contemporary media to pursue ‘fast’ and ‘new’, and thus abandoned the authority, authencity and logic that are underlined in the traditional media. Such technology-based media behavior to a certain extent leads to the emotional and affectual geopolitical expressions in the Internet space. On this basis, this article has contributed to the renewal of theories, methodologies and philosophies in the recent studies of human geography, paying attention to whether ‘material’ elements have impact upon people’s understandings of human-land relationship. In so doing, this article has contributed to the development of posthumanist geography in geographical studies. From an empirical and practical perspective, this article warns the danger of that, the Internet technology and related equipment are becoming extensions and parts of human bodies and so that are gradually eroding the humanity’s biological characteristics.

Key words: posthumanism, geopolitical discourses, materiality, the US war on terror, Internet, NVivo analysis

中图分类号: 

  • K901