地理科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (10): 1707-1714.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.10.015

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江南丘陵地区乡村聚落地域分异特征研究——以湖南省为例

谭雪兰1,2(), 安悦1, 蒋凌霄1, 谭洁1, 周国华2()   

  1. 1. 湖南农业大学资源环境学院,湖南 长沙 410128
    2. 湖南师范大学资源与环境学院,湖南 长沙 410081
  • 收稿日期:2018-03-13 修回日期:2018-08-09 出版日期:2018-12-12 发布日期:2018-12-12
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:谭雪兰(1978-),女,湖南茶陵人,博士后,副教授,博士生导师,主要从事城乡规划、乡村地理及乡村土地利用研究。 E-mail:txl780120@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金 (41571168,41201175,41471145)、湖南省自然科学基金(2016JJ3075)、湖南省哲学社会科学基金(14YBA209)资助

Regional Differentiation Rule of Rural Settlements in the South of the Yangtze River: A Case Study of Hunan Province

Xuelan Tan1,2(), Yue An1, Lingxiao Jiang1, Jie Tan1, Guohua Zhou2()   

  1. 1. College of Resources and Environment, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha 410128, Hunan, China
    2. Department of Resources and Environment Science, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, Hunan, China
  • Received:2018-03-13 Revised:2018-08-09 Online:2018-12-12 Published:2018-12-12
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41571168, 41201175, 41471145), Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province (2016JJ3075), Philosophy and Social Science Fund Project of Hunan Province (14YBA209)

摘要:

以江南丘陵湖南地区为研究对象,通过对18个抽样村进行实地走访与问卷调查,从乡村聚落的居住条件、居住设施和乡村居民的生产生活形态等方面,探讨江南丘陵湖南地区乡村聚落空间地域分异特征与规律。研究表明:乡村聚落研究是江南丘陵地区乡村聚落空间布局优化与调控的基础。由于地域范围广泛,区域内的资源禀赋与地域组合、经济发展基础、文化传统等条件差异悬殊,因此江南丘陵湖南地区乡村聚落发展的地域分异规律较为明显,在聚落空间格局(规模、密度、形态)、居住条件(住房面积、住房结构、建筑特色)、居住设施(道路、饮水安全、网络电视开通率等基础与公共服务设施)和生产生活形态等方面呈现出较为显著的盆地-丘陵-低山区、发达-欠发达-落后、近郊-远郊-偏远等地貌、经济、区位梯度差异。

关键词: 乡村聚落, 地域分异, 江南丘陵地区, 湖南省

Abstract:

In recent years, with the rapid industrialization and urbanization in China, the rapid development of the rural economy and the increase in the incomes of peasants have brought tremendous changes in the production, living spaces, structures and functions of rural settlements, and serious problems regarding the ecological environment. The smooth implementation of urban and rural development strategies will be seriously affected and constrained by these changes. Rural settlement spatial structure reorganization, the integration of urban and rural areas, the evolution of rural settlement spatial patterns and other fields have been hot issues in recent academic research. The method of participatory rural appraisal was adopted in this study. Through field visits and survey questionnaires conducted in 18 sample villages in the south of the Yangtze River of Hunan Province, data on the living conditions and patterns, the facilities for settlements and production, the living patterns of rural residents, and the characteristics and laws of the regional differentiation of rural settlement spaces were collected and analyzed. The results show that the spatial patterns of rural settlements are the basis for the optimization and regulation of rural settlement spatial distributions in the hilly areas of the south of the Yangtze River. Due to the great disparity in resource endowments and geographical combinations, the basis of economic development and cultural tradition in the area, and wide geographical scope, the regional differentiation of rural settlement development in Hunan's hilly areas are more obvious. The regional differentiation rule of the rural settlements in the south of the Yangtze River of China is also evident. Gradient differences lie in the pattern characteristics (size, density, shape), living conditions (housing area, housing structure, architectural features), living facilities (roads, drinking water safety, opening rates of network television, and other basic and public service facilities), production and life forms in the area of basin-hilly-low mountainous , developed-underdeveloped- backward, suburban-outher suburban-remote landforms.

Key words: rural settlements, geographical differentiation, the hilly areas of south of the Yangtze River, Hunan Province

中图分类号: 

  • K902