地理科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (12): 2040-2048.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.12.012

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超大城市生产性服务业空间分工及其效应分析——以北京为例

宋昌耀1(), 罗心然1, 席强敏2, 李国平1()   

  1. 1.北京大学政府管理学院,北京 100871
    2. 南开大学中国特色社会主义经济建设协同创新中心,天津 300071
  • 收稿日期:2017-11-07 修回日期:2017-12-24 出版日期:2018-12-20 发布日期:2018-12-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:宋昌耀(1991-),男,河北邢台人,博士研究生,主要从事区域经济与旅游经济研究。E-mail:lig@nwu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41671120)、国家社会科学基金青年项目(15CJY055)资助

Spatial Division and Its Effects of Producer Services in a Megacity: Evidence from Beijing

Changyao Song1(), Xinran Luo1, Qiangmin Xi2, Guoping Li1()   

  1. 1. School of Government, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    2. Collaborative Innovation Center for China Economy, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
  • Received:2017-11-07 Revised:2017-12-24 Online:2018-12-20 Published:2018-12-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41671120), National Social Science Foundation of China (15CJY055).

摘要:

为探究超大城市生产性服务业空间分工机理及效应,基于2006~2015年北京各区数据和地区相对专业化指数等方法分析北京生产性服务业空间分工特征,研究发现,北京生产性服务业呈现从中心到外围专业化程度提升、多样化程度下降的趋势,且动态来看,专业化水平都有所提升,空间分工趋势愈加明显;高级生产性服务业集聚在多样化地区,交通运输业分散在专业化地区,房地产服务业是多数地区的专业化产业。空间面板计量模型检验表明,北京各区之间生产性服务业空间溢出效应明显,联动协调发展水平较高;生产性服务业各细分产业的空间分工效应与产业特性高度相关,交通服务业呈现负向空间溢出,金融、科技、信息、房地产等服务业存在正向溢出,而商务服务业溢出效应不显著。

关键词: 超大城市, 生产性服务业, 空间分工, 空间效应, 北京

Abstract:

Spatial division of producer services and its effects play important roles in spatial organization and economic growth, especially in megacities. As the main space for division in producer services at the urban level, megacities have developed specialized and diversified areas driven by factors such as cost and market. In order to measure the rationality of the spatial division, the effects of spatial spillover can be used as an efficient approach, and industrial heterogeneity significantly affects this kind of spatial division and its spillover. Based on the mechanism of spatial division of producer services, the paper utilized the panel data of producer services from 2006 to 2015 in Beijing and Krugman Specialization Index to analyze the characteristics of producer service. The results suggest that industrial division between core and peripheral was remarkable. It is also found that the specialization increased and diversity declined from center to periphery area, with the trend of which was strengthened from the dynamic perspective. It is further found that high-order producer services agglomerated in diversification areas, transportation services dispersed in specialized areas, and most districts specialized on the real estate industry. Moreover, spatial econometric models were used to estimate the spatial spillover effect of producer services. The significant spatial division indicates that the linkage and coordination of producer services among different districts in Beijing were high. Finally, it seems that the effect of spatial division of different producer services was highly related to their industrial characteristics, with negative spillover effects of transportation, positive effects of finance, technology, information and real estate industries but insignificant effects of the commercial service industry.

Key words: megacity, producer service, spatial division, spatial effect, Beijing

中图分类号: 

  • K902