地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (9): 1425-1433.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.09.008

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自由贸易试验区的差异化路径选择——以辽宁自由贸易试验区为例

魏瑾瑞1,2, 张雯馨1   

  1. 1. 东北财经大学统计学院,辽宁 大连 116025
    2. 东北财经大学辽宁(大连)自贸区研究院,辽宁 大连 116025
  • 收稿日期:2018-06-04 修回日期:2018-10-09 出版日期:2019-09-10 发布日期:2019-12-02
  • 作者简介:魏瑾瑞(1983-),男,河北武安人,副教授,博士,硕导,主要从事经济统计方法研究。E-mail: 15842667491@139.com
  • 基金资助:
    东北财经大学辽宁(大连)自贸区研究院专项(重点项目)(DUFE2017ZMQ02)

The Differential Development Path of Pilot Free Trade Zone: Case Study of Liaoning Pilot Free Trade Zone

Wei Jinrui1,2, Zhang Wenxin1   

  1. 1. School of Statistics,Dongbei University of Finance and Economics, Dalian 116025, Liaoning, China
    2. Liaoning (Dalian) Pilot Free Trade Zone Research Institute, Dongbei University of Finance and Economics, Dalian 116025, Liaoning, China
  • Received:2018-06-04 Revised:2018-10-09 Online:2019-09-10 Published:2019-12-02
  • Supported by:
    Key Special Projects of Liaoning (Dalian) Pilot Free Trade Zone Research Institute in Dongbei University of Finance and Economics(DUFE2017ZMQ02)

摘要:

以辽宁自贸试验区为研究对象,基于多边、双边与单边开放的演变逻辑,将11个自贸试验区作为整体系统性地考察自贸试验区的宏观经济联系,从而定位和识别辽宁自贸试验区的差异化发展路径。研究表明,尽管自贸试验区城市尚未表现出较强的整体群网络,但是以上海为核心的自贸试验区体系已基本形成。根据核心-中间-边缘层模型,辽宁自贸试验区处于边缘层,与上海、广东、浙江(核心层)和天津(中间层)等沿海自贸试验区存在较强的直接经济联系,并且在制度的复制与推广方面存在诸多借鉴。

关键词: 自贸试验区, 空间网络结构, 差异化路径

Abstract:

This article elaborated the logic from multilateral, from bilateral opening to unilateral opening by discriminating the concept of Free Trade Area, Free Trade Zone and Pilot Free Trade Zone, and clarified the current misunderstanding of PFTZ. Using social network analysis method, we treated 11 PFTZs and analyzed its macro layout and microeconomic linkages to locate and identify the differential development path of Liaoning Pilot Free Trade Zone. In this way, we start from the overall layout of the Pilot Free Trade Zone, then the centrality analysis combined with the economic and trade links between the respective Pilot Free Trade Zones is carried out. Finally, we can purposefully develop the respective trade pilot zones through the spatial network structure of the PFTZs. It can be targetedly done to a large extent and improve the efficiency of policy implementation. Result shows that cities in the PFTZs have not yet demonstrated a strong overall network, despite the uneven development, there is no Pilot Free Trade Zone is isolated, and the system of the PFTZs with Shanghai as the core has basically formed. According to the core-middle-edge model, the core layer and the edge layer are more different in trade ability and influence, the urban agglomeration spatial network is still in the initial stage, and the Pilot Free Trade Zones in edge layer have certain potential in trade development. Further, the Liaoning Pilot Free Trade Zone is on the edge-layer. It has a strong direct economic relationship with the coastal PFTZs, such as pilot free trade zones in Shanghai, Guangdong, Zhejiang (core-layer), and Tianjin Pilot Free Trade Zone (middle-layer). Besides, their system is worthy of being copied and promoted. For example, China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone focuses on financial innovation and customs innovation, while the financial reform has achieved remarkable results; The innovative ‘NRA+’ account of China (Guangzhou) Pilot Free Trade Zone is consistent with the financial system of Liaoning Pilot Free Trade Zone to a certain degree, and the Hong Kong free port has instructive significance for the construction of Dalian Port in the future; China (Tianjin) Pilot Free Trade Zone is known for its flourishing financial leasing industry, revitalization of Northeast China Old Industrial Bases is inseparable from the development of financial leasing; Commodity exchange can learn from China (Zhejiang) Pilot Free Trade Zone in promoting commodity liberalization; China (Tianjin) Pilot Free Trade Zone’s policy towards Taiwan provides experiences in handling trade relations with Japan and South Korea.

Key words: Pilot Free Trade Zone, spatial network structure, differentiated path

中图分类号: 

  • F752.8