地理科学 ›› 1981, Vol. 1 ›› Issue (2): 105-114.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1981.02.105

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

卫星遥感的地学分析与论证

陈述彭   

  1. 中国科学院遥感应用研究所
  • 出版日期:1981-03-20 发布日期:1981-03-20

GEO-SCIENTIFIC ANALYSIS AND GROUND TRUTH STUDY FOR REMOTE SENSING BY SATELLITE

Chen Shupeng   

  1. Institute of Remote Sensing Application
  • Online:1981-03-20 Published:1981-03-20

摘要: 我国曾多次成功地发射和回收了人造地球卫星,从而迈进了空间技术的先进行列。与此同时,我国还成功地研制了甚高分辨率的卫星云图接收机和静止气象卫星接收装置;积极参加全球性世界气象组织和“国际水文十年”等全球性的地学研究活动;研制了多种遥感仪器;开展航空遥感试验和进行卫星遥感的科学和技术准备。此外,还引进了部分美国陆地卫星所提供的遥感图象资料,研究它对我国地理环境的适应性和社会主义现代化建设中的经济技术效益。在自力更生为主,争取外援为辅的正确方针指引下,我国遥感技术的发展十分迅速,展示出广阔的前景。

Abstract: Since 1969,we have succeeded in Launching several scientific satellites,and developed the VHRR reciever for NoAA imagery.Images and data of Landsat and Meteologic satellite have preliminaryly been applied in some respects for geoscience research,for example:(1)Interpretation of Lineament,for the verifying of geotectonic partern and plate tectonics in china;(2)analyzing some dynamic phehomena of water body and air mass, and some significant track of natural changes in Chinese history;(3)monitoring the changes of biosystem and the pollution of Environment. Effects above are obvious while the development is rapid.Nevertheless,the research work of theory and methology for remote sensing analysis and interpretation in our country are lagging behind the needs of our national economy and the development of our remote sensor productiveness.The application for remote sensing in our country is at the preliminary stage as yet,it requires an advancing development step by step,according to our own natural resources,geographic conditions,and the characteristic of the socialist construction.(1)Utilizing panchromatic alr-photos,color-infrared air-photos and single band image of MSS from lansate,visoal interpretation,ground truth field checking, by optical instrument,for static analysis;(2)Using multi-spectral information,image matching and by electronicoptical instrument for thematic mapping;(3)Using multidate remote sensing image and data from satellite for monitoring and predicting dynamic phenomena and production management in accordance with time series;(4)Establishing an geo-information system data bank and using landsat remote sensing data for up-dating,from which the training area for computer aided analysis and data for classification are extracted.