地理科学 ›› 1981, Vol. 1 ›› Issue (2): 125-134.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1981.02.125

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

东北地区煤炭与油页岩资源的合理开发利用

郝凌云   

  1. 中国科学院长春地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1981-03-20 发布日期:1981-03-20

THE RATIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND UTILIZATION OF COAL AND KEROGEN IN NORTH-EAST CHINA

Hao Lingyun   

  1. Changchun Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica
  • Online:1981-03-20 Published:1981-03-20

摘要: 东北地区包括黑龙江省、吉林省、辽宁省及毗邻地区内蒙古自治区呼伦贝尔盟、哲里木盟和昭乌达盟。境内煤炭资源丰富,约占全国煤炭蕴藏量的9%,其中炼焦煤资源集中于黑龙江省东北部,占全区炼焦煤的71.%。区内煤炭工业已有近百年历史,但在解放前不仅资源未得到合理利用,反而遭到封建军阀和帝国主义者的严重破坏与掠夺。只有解放后在优越的社会主义制度下,这些宝贵资源才开始得到合理利用。本区煤炭产量在1952年已超过解放前最高年(1944)水平,1979年原煤产量达11,000多万吨,约占全国煤炭产量的18%。所产煤炭主要满足区内需要,并有部分出口,某些煤种不足部分需要华北支援。煤炭是区内燃料动力的主要源泉,也是冶金用焦炭和化学工业的重要原料。目前,煤炭约占全区能源消费构成的70%,这说明煤炭供应的保证程度,对本区经济建设和人民生活关系极大。

Abstract: The North-East Region of China consists of three provinces and three districts(Meng)of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.There are rich coal resources, making up 9% of the total coal resources of China,and kerogen resources are also rich there.The output of 1979 was more than 110 million tons,making up about 18% of the total coal output of China.Now coal consumption is about 70% of the total consumption of various energy constituents in this region.The minerogenetic epoches of the coal and kerogen are mainly in the Carboniferous and Permian period, the Jurassic and Cretaceous period,and Tertiary period.The coal generated in the two former periods is mainly bituminous coal,and in the latter is mainly brown coal. At present,there are two important problems on the production of coal industry here.fIrstly,the distribution of coal industry is not in equilibrium,most of them concentrates in the east part,but coal consumption concentrates in the middle industrial region.So,speedy development of several big brown coal field in the west part should be carried out,and coal or electric current should be sent to the middle part region.Secondary,the comprehensive and rational utilization of coal should be considered.Now about 80% of the coal consumed is used in direct burning in this region.The utilization coefficient is only about 25% of the heat energy of coal.So,it is very important to pay attention to coal screening,productive quality improving,and reducing of inefficient transport and discharge of pollutant.