地理科学 ›› 1982, Vol. 2 ›› Issue (1): 40-48.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1982.01.40

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

论小区域气候调查的物候学方法

张福春   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1982-01-20 发布日期:2012-04-13

THE PHENOLOGY METHOD FOR CLIMATIC INVESTIGATION IN A SMALL AREA

Zhang Fuchun   

  1. Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica
  • Online:1982-01-20 Published:2012-04-13

摘要: 山区气候分析和县级气候区划是目前农业生产上对气候学提出的两个新课题。我国是个多山国家,丘陵山地占总面积的三分之二。目前,平原多已开垦,复种指数较高,只有广大山地丘陵地尚有开发余地,特别是热带、亚热带山地丘陵地的发展潜力很大。我国是10亿人口的大国,每人平均占有耕地较少,利用山区发展林、牧业和多种经营是农业发展的必然趋势。所以,解决山区气候调查和分析问题迫在眉睫。

Abstract: This paper propesed that one may use phenology method for climatic investigation in a small area,and discussed systematically the method and steps for inves-tigation.Finally,according to the practical condition of China,the author recommendsd the application of phenology method in climatic investigation of mountain area and county climatic regionalization.The full text is divided into three parts:1.Indicative phenology phenomenon and analysis of the climatic elementsindicated.The phenology phenomena indicating each season are classified and numerous temperature indices of cold damage for tropical belt and subtropical belt plants insouthern China are cited.2.procedures for calculating climate in small area bv phenology method andthe phenology phenomen on investigation method.Procedures:(1)Compare and analyze phenology data and climate data of same location,establish regression equation between them for stand-by purpose.(2)Collect and find indicative phenology phenomenon and determine corresponding climatic indices for stand-by purpose.(3)Determine climatic analysis items for certain location and then determine the scope and method of phenology investigation.(4)Organize phenology observation and investigation.(5)Sort out and analyze the phenology investigation data and convert the min to climatic element values.Finally,make out climatic figure and climatic regi-onalizition figure,and write out a summarizing report.Investigaiton methods of phenology data:Fixed point observation method and moving observation mathod.3.Illustrations with examples concerning some applications of phenology inmountain area climatic investigation and county climatic regionalizition of China.