地理科学 ›› 1982, Vol. 2 ›› Issue (1): 65-72.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1982.01.65

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

试论城市发展中的工业波

洪昌仕   

  1. 中国科学院南京地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1982-01-20 发布日期:1982-01-20

PRELIMINARY STUDY ON INDUSTRIAL “WAVE” OF URBAN DEVELOPMENT

Hong Changshi   

  1. Nanjing Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica
  • Online:1982-01-20 Published:1982-01-20

摘要: 工业“波”是借用波的形象来研究城市工业向市区外部逐步扩展的现象。即,某一大中城市工业不断向城市周围扩展,这种扩展往往呈波状布局;或者某一大中企业配置在一个地区后,就会在其周围相应地发展一个个工厂;或者一个大型矿产资源被开采利用时,周围逐渐建立起一连串的工业企业。这些现象,我们称它为工业“波”。在工厂布局密集的工业区带为波峰。

Abstract: The term Industrial “wave” used in this article is taken from the phenome-non of urban industry extending gradually in a “wave” pattern from the city center toward all directions.That is to say,industry in a large-or medium-sized cityextends all around in a wave-like distribution;or,once there is a large-or medium sized enterprise established at a certain location,then there will be related factories to be setup around it one by one;or,when there is a mine being opened up,there will be a series of enterprises to be setup in same manner. There should be two basic factors or the formation of Industrial “wave”;The energy source of wave generation and the conditions for wave formation.Industrial “wave” emerges and develops along with urban industrilization.The whole progress of Industrial “wave” from its emergence through its evolution consists of four stages: stage of wave accumulation,stage of near-wave,stageof distant-wave and stage of regenrated wave.Referring to the nature of wave formation,Industrial “wave” can be divided into three categories: Large-or medium-sized city,mining industry city and layout of large industry city,The evolution of industry in Naniing shows all the four stages of Industrial “wave”.