地理科学 ›› 1983, Vol. 3 ›› Issue (2): 167-174.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1983.02.167

• 研究报导 • 上一篇    下一篇

居民感应地理研究的一个实例——对赣州市的调查分析

徐放   

  1. 中国科学院自然资源综合考察委员会
  • 出版日期:1983-03-20 发布日期:1983-03-20

AN EXAMPLE OF RESEARCH ABOUT INHABITANTS PERCEPTION GEOGRAPHY——ANALYZE AN INVESTIGATION ON GANGZHOU CITY

Xu Fang   

  1. Commission for Integrated Survey of Natural Resscurces, Academia Sinica
  • Online:1983-03-20 Published:1983-03-20

摘要: 人类自诞生以后,不断地认识、改造自然界。可以说现在地球上的任何自然环境都或多或少地受到人类活动影响。同自然环境能影响人类一样,那些人类改变自然面貌而形成的环境,如城市,也必然反过来对人类产生影响。同样的环境影响在每个人的头脑中有各种不同的反映——感应。人们正是在这样一种既是自然的、人为的——客观环境、又是在每个人自己所理解的、认识的——主观环境中生活、工作。正如英国彼得·安布罗斯(Peter Ambrose)所指出的:“作为地理学家,如果我们试图从环境方面去解释人类行为,那么我们主要感兴趣的是主观环境,而不是客观环境。”[1]每个人头脑中的主观环境和对环境的行为是各不相同的,就象容器中气体分子的运动:是无规的;但是对一定的人们集团来说,其统计效果却有一定的规律性,完全可以对其进行统计研究,”正好象容器中气体分子无规运动的综合效果能表现出压力和温度一样。

Abstract: What is a subjective environment?What are its characteristics?This articleattempts to make some research about subjective environment and to employ itscharacteristics in urban planning.According to the results of this investigation,people do not perceive theGanzhou city as an ancient city surrounded by two rivers.In other words,thecityconstruction of Ganzhou does not give people the impression of itsdistinguishing features.It is a pity for wasting such scenery resources.Another important enlightenment is that how we should design the roads fora city,especially a city in China,since there are so many bicycles to be used onthe road in our eotmtry.The “Three Parts” road planning……the main part of theroad for motor vehicles,and two subparts for bicycles……seems to be the mostsuitable design to be used in our clties.And the road system seems to be betterimpressed when roads intersect each other at right angles.Furthermore,as comparing this investigation with D.Appleyard’s of Cindadin Guayana,we are Sure that there are objective statistical laws for people’sperception as inhabitants are grouped by their various differences.