地理科学 ›› 1984, Vol. 4 ›› Issue (1): 38-42.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1984.01.38

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

环境质量评价中的Pj因子分析加权法——以上海宝山吴淞地区环境质量综合评价为例

应龙根, 张长平   

  1. 华东师范大学地理系
  • 出版日期:1984-01-20 发布日期:1984-01-20

THE WEIGHTING METHOD OF Pj FACTOR ANALYSIS IN THE ASSESSMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL,QUALITY

Yin Longgen, Zhang Changpin   

  1. Department of Geography, East China Normal University
  • Online:1984-01-20 Published:1984-01-20

摘要: 环境质量评价究其研究内容来看,主要是一种方法论的研究。它研究如何建立一种合理的数学模式,以对区域环境的监测资料进行汇总。评价的目的是,如实地反映环境的客观状态,从而为污染的综合防治以及区域环境的规划管理提供科学依据。为达到这一目标,环境评价中的加权工作必不可少。

Abstract: In spite of rapid progress achieved in research work of the assessment of environmental quality,the problem of weighting of various factors has never been really solved so far.Strictly speaking,weighting should be based upon the objective sub-contribution of specific assessment parameters to the total environment and their biological effects.But so far as recent study case in our country and abroad,due to quite a few reasons,the conventional practice of weighting has still followed the way of subjective judgement with strong artificial influence.This paper presents a new approach of weighting,i.e.Pj factor analysis,based upon an attempt of comprehensive assessment of environmental quality in Baoshan-Wusong District of Shanghai.Our approach revised the conventional weighting practice on two direction.First,measuring environmental value Pj as an original information of weighting in same a standard was used stead of subjective judgement.Secondly,it introduced the approach of factor analysis to estimate the objective sub-contribution of specifitc assessment parameters and their interrelationship.Thus making possible to trace and interprete pollutants distribution,migration and reorganization in a regional system.Especially today,as the means of environmental monitoring has been electronized, the weighting method of Pj factor may be used as a prerequisite for overall modernization of environmental quality assessment.