地理科学 ›› 1987, Vol. 7 ›› Issue (4): 326-337.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1987.04.326

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

厦门经济特区的综合开发问题

姚士谋, 徐桂卿, 叶枫, 张立生, 胡新云   

  1. 中国科学院南京地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1987-07-20 发布日期:1987-07-20

ON THE COMPREHENSIVE DEVELOPMENT OF THE SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONE IN XIAMEN

Yao Shimou, Xu Guiqing, Ye Feng, Zhang Lisheng, Hu Xinyun   

  1. Nanjing Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica
  • Online:1987-07-20 Published:1987-07-20

摘要: 厦门市是我国东南部重要的海港风景城市,1986年的建成区面积已达38km2,城市非农业人口(建成区范围内)有36.2万人;如果包括郊区市辖县,土地面积达1510.7km2,总人口104万人。1984年4月国务院决定将特区范围由原来的湖里加工区(2.5km2)扩大到全岛,包括鼓浪屿及其附近水域,陆地面积为131km2

Abstract: Xiamcn is an important coastal harbour and tourist city.Since the establishment of the spccial economic zone in 1980, great development in economy and urban construction have taken place.The built-up area has expanded to 38km2 and the population has increased to 362 000 in 1986.But the figures will rocket to 1510.7km2 and 1.04 million if the whole urban area (including Tongan county) is taken into consideration.The urban spatial structure will be, as Prof.Wu Liangyong suggests, one center and six Satellite towns around.The integratcd development is most important to Xiamen’s future.The stratigic position of Xiamcn can be analysed in four aspccts:favoriate geographic location, high level of economic opening to the outside, close relatio- nship with Xiamen-Zhangzhou-quanzhou economic area, and the harbour with favorite coast.Advantagious and disadvantagious factors should be carefully studied in the process of defining the comprehensive developing strategy.The paper suggests that the integrated development could he divided into three levels.Xiamen special economic zone should play the role of central city in the south Fujian Province.According to our research, the population of Xiamen will increase to 550000-600000 by 2000 (in built-up area), and the urban area will expand to 45-55km2 by 2000, including suburb satellite industrial towns.As the relations of urban arrangements with regional economy, especially those in the following respects,are so complicate with each other, they should be dealt with carefully:1.To handle carefully the relation between urban and regional economic development of Xiamen.2.A set of natural, geographical, social, economic, political and administrative factors have commonly influenced the pattern and strength of urbanregional relationship.3.To deal better with the urban nature and scale and function of the development of each city or town in its regional system.