地理科学 ›› 1998, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (5): 433-441.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1998.05.433

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

南京汤山猿人生存古环境重建探讨

朱诚, 张建新, 俞锦标   

  1. 南京大学城市与资源学系 南京210093
  • 收稿日期:1997-04-25 修回日期:1997-09-29 出版日期:1998-09-20 发布日期:1998-09-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金;南京大学现代分析中心测试基金项目

PALEO ENVIRONMENTAL RECONSTRUCTION DURING THE PERIOD OF NANJING APE MAN

Zhu Cheng, Zhang Jianxin, Yu Jingbiao   

  1. Department of City and Resources Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093
  • Received:1997-04-25 Revised:1997-09-29 Online:1998-09-20 Published:1998-09-20

摘要: 由铀系法测定的5组化石年代数据表明,南京汤山猿人年代为280~430kaB.P.之间;以剑齿象、李氏野猪、肿骨鹿、葛氏斑鹿、三门马等为主的古动物群化石,证实了南京猿人生活在中更新世中期偏晚,距今约350ka左右。鉴定的孢粉主要为喜暖湿、暖干的落叶阔叶与针叶及蕨类混交林以及偏干凉的(松)针叶林,既未发现反映寒冷的云杉、冷杉,也未发现反映干旱的黄连木,表明本区猿人生存时并未经历中更新世冰期时的冰川环境和明显的干旱环境,其生存环境比周口店猿人生境要温和湿润得多。本区猿人用火和制作石器的方式尚有待对葫芦洞大厅坡积体的彻底发掘才能最后了解。

Abstract: Five group date of the fossil by Uranium series age method shows that the age of the Nanjing Ape Man is between 280-430 ka B.P. Combining with the analysis of fossil mammalian from Stegodon, Sus. lydekeri Zdansky, M. pachyosteus Young, P. grayi Zdansky, and E. sanmeniensis Teilhard et Piveteau, etc. which are located in the same stratum, the authors think that the Nanjing Ape Man should be lived in the late Middle Pleistocene (about 350 ka B.P.). Based upon the spores and pollen in the cave sediments of the area, we can find that most of spores and pollen are subtropical and warm temperate types, for instance, broad leaved trees which are fond of warm climate include Pterocarya, Alnus, Betula, Quercus, Juglans, Salix, Liquidambar and Ulmus; coniferous trees which are also fond of warm climate include Cunninghamia, Tsuga and Pinus, as well as Morus, Carpinus and Ptendium. Among of above spores and pollen, all of Tsuga, Liquidambar, Betula, Ulmus and Salix are the remainders of Humid hot environment from Tertiary period. Above evidences illustrate that the living environment of the Nanjing Ape Man not only was not colder, but also was not drier than Peking Man’s. It can be said that the spores and pollen of the cave sediments in the region does not show a glacial environmentin, the ice age of the Middle Pleistocene didn’t undergo the area. As for the manner of the Ape Man’s making stone artifact and using fire, because now we have not found the evidence of the stone artifact and the ash, therefore, the further excavation to the talus of the Huludong cave should be needed.

中图分类号: 

  • P534.63