地理科学 ›› 1999, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (1): 42-48.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1999.01.42

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

科尔沁沙地东南缘近3000年来植被演化与人类活动

任国玉   

  1. 国家气候中心 北京 100081
  • 出版日期:1999-01-20 发布日期:1999-01-20
  • 基金资助:

    国家气候中心气候研究开放实验室开放课题,德国洪堡研究基金

INFLUENCE OF HUMAN ACTIVITIES ON THE LATE HOLOCENE VEGETATION CHANGES AT MAILI, NORTHEAST CHINA

Ren Guoyu   

  1. National Climate Center, Beijing 100081
  • Online:1999-01-20 Published:1999-01-20

摘要:

在科尔沁沙地东南部,以蒙古栎为代表的乔木花粉从3100aB.P.开始显着下降,蒿属和藜科等草本植物花粉逐渐上升,藜科花粉开始上升时间又迟于蒿属花粉。这说明,原来的固定沙丘有一部分首先转化为半固定沙丘,半固定沙丘后来又转变成半流动和流动沙丘。另一方面,科左后旗和辽北地区人口的显着增加始于3100aB.P.前后,此后呈缓慢上升趋势。因此,人类定居和农牧业活动可能是本区沙地疏林减少的基本原因,也是近3000a沙丘演化或沙漠化过程持续增强的主要因子。

Abstract:

A high resolution pollen record from Maili Bog, Horqin sand land, central Norhteast China, shows that the open sand land forests around the bog have continuously delined since 3100 a B.P., and the main herb taxa have experienced consistent rise in abundance. The most significant changes were in the pollen percentages and pollen concentration of Quercus mongolica, Artemisia and Chenopodiaceae. Furthermore, the changes of the herb pollen generally lagged behind those of trees, and the rise in Chenopodiaceae seems to follow that of Artemisia. It is thus possible that the stable sand dunes covered with open forest were first turned to partly stable sand dunes with Artemisia as the dominant taxa, and this was followed by the change from partly stable sand dunes to mobile sand dunes which usually support only Chenopodiaceae. Archaeological relics and documentary records show an increased human population and agricultural activities in this region beginning from Gaotaishan Culture (3300-3000 a B.P.). The farmers may have come from the southern regions of Liaoning Province, which was in turn influenced by the advanced agriculture of the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River. The above mentioned vegetation changes in the Maili region, therefore, may have been mainly induced by the human interference with the sand dune system. This inference is generally supported by charcoal count data from the pollen profile, the different changes in pollen between extra region Pinus and intra region Quercus, and pollen data from the other sites in Northeast China. It is thus obvious that caution should be taken when one reconstructs the late Holocene climate changes using pollen data in such a region. It is also suggested that the past reconstruction works of the middle to late Holocene climates in some regions of the country may need to be re assessed.

中图分类号: 

  • Q941