地理科学 ›› 1999, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (6): 510-516.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1999.06.510

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

天津市工业相对优势及其结构变动

杨开忠, 张洋   

  1. 北京大学城市与环境学系 北京100871
  • 收稿日期:1998-09-11 修回日期:1998-12-24 出版日期:1999-11-20 发布日期:1999-11-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(79730030)

Changes of Industrial Structure and Comparative Advantage of Tianjin

YANG Kai-zhong, ZHANG Yang   

  1. Department of Geography, Peking University, Beijing 100871
  • Received:1998-09-11 Revised:1998-12-24 Online:1999-11-20 Published:1999-11-20

摘要: 首先应用经典的经济基础研究方法做了1990年到1995年津、京、沪3大城市工业相对优势变动比较,发现90年代以来,天津逐步形成了电子、交通运输设备、食品等优势行业,而发展条件优越的化纤、化学原料等行业却出现倒退;继而,从生产要素角度分析了天津市工业结构的变化,表明天津工业对环境的压力逐步减弱,技术、知识密集型部门有较大程度增长。最后,提出了京、津工业协调发展的一些建议。

Abstract: First, based on the classical method of economic base analysis, this paper studies the change of Tianjin industry comparative advantage from 1990 to 1995 by comparing with Beijing and Shanghai. The major conclusion is that electronic and telecommunications, transportation equipment manufacturing, food production of Tianjin are becoming to take precedence, while chemical fibers and raw chemical materials and chemical products with good natural environment declining. Then the paper concentrates on industrial structure and leads to a viewpoint that Tianjin industry exerts lower environmental pressure and knowledge and technology intensive industry sectors with lower input of water and less pollution tend to burgeon. Moreover, the author gives some advice on developing a proper industry relationship between Beijing and Tianjin.

中图分类号: 

  • F403.4