地理科学 ›› 2000, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (3): 251-258.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2000.03.251

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

甘肃省武威市绿洲生态环境综合评价及其整治方略

白永平   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101
  • 收稿日期:1998-12-19 修回日期:2000-03-06 出版日期:2000-05-20 发布日期:2000-05-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金资助项目(49871035)的阶段性研究成果之一,承蒙兰州大学地理科学系张林源教授的宝贵指导,在此谨致谢忱!

Comprehensive Evaluation and Managerial Strategy of Ecological Environment of Oasis in Wuwei City, Gansu Province

BAI Yong-ping   

  1. Institute of GEographical Sciences and Natural Rcsources, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Beijing 100101
  • Received:1998-12-19 Revised:2000-03-06 Online:2000-05-20 Published:2000-05-20

摘要: 以甘肃省武威市为例,从绿洲生态系统熵变的角度,试图建立满足因子量化要求和适于综合评价属性的绿洲生态环境评价和调控方法,按照系统稳定度熵值的大小,对绿洲生态环境质量进行了综合评价;根据各评价指标对系统稳定度的贡献,依次提出了绿洲生态环境的整治方略,以期对绿洲生态环境恢复和重建奠定科学基础.

Abstract: In view of change of entropy in ecosystem, this paper focuses on elaborating the method of comprehensive evaluation and rational regulation to eco-environment of oasis, which meet the demands of factorial quantification and suit the integrated evaluation of natural-economic-social attribute, soas to lay the foundation of restoration and rehabilitation of eec-environment of oasis. According to dissipative structure theory advanced by Prof. Prigogine, entropy and change of entropy in ecosystem can be defined as S=Q/P, and △S=S2-S1-S12, where S stands for entropy of ecosystem, Q stands for energy output (or input), P stands for economic income (or expenses), S1 stands for primary entropy of ecosystem, S2 stands for final entropy of ecosystem, S12 stands for intermediate entropy of ecosystem, that is, it is also negative entropy flow which ecosystem in a motion state get from external environment, and △S stands for change of entropy in ecosystem in a motion state. Supposition the total of change of entropy in ecosystem △S= 0, and Y=S12, namely Y= S2-S1, where Y is entropy production of inside of ecosystem or stability of ecosystem, which can be used to describe good or bad about structure and function of ecosystem. With case of Wuwei City, Gansu Province, based on the principle of stability, simple, integrity and territory, percentage of forest coverage (x1), the proportion of cultivate grass area in cultivated area (x2), desertified land area (x3), soil erosion area (x4), the proportion of ensured irrigated area in cultivated area (x5) and depression depth of ground water table (x6) can be chosen as independent variable, and stability index of ecosystem (y) as dependent variable, a multivariate nonlinear regression equation is given by the applied of stepwise regression analysis. Thus, the evaluation for ecosystem of oasis should focused on the change of entropy in ecosystem △S and stability of ecosystem Y, and the regulation for one could obtained from the solution of ∂y/∂x1 =0. The results of comprehensive evaluation for ecological environment of oasis are given as follows: 18 village (town) are classified Ⅱ, 15 village (town) Ⅲ and 5 village (town) Ⅳ, and entropy values of stability of ecosystem are 26.14-29.06×106, 29.43-34. 92×106 and 37. 32-47. 13×106 calorie/yuan (RMB) respectively. On the basis of the contribution or weight of each evaluating factor to stability of ecosystem of oasis, some managagerial strategy for ecological environment of oasis such as reverse of desertified land, strengthening conservation of water and soil, rehabilitation of shelter forest system, increasing cultivate grass area, control depression range of ground water table and stabilization ensured irrigated area are put forward.

中图分类号: 

  • X171.1