地理科学 ›› 2001, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (1): 7-11.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2001.01.7

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

可持续发展系统评价的属性细分理论与应用

徐中民, 程国栋   

  1. 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所冻土工程国家重点实验室, 甘肃 兰州 730000
  • 收稿日期:2000-06-15 修回日期:2000-09-17 出版日期:2001-01-20 发布日期:2001-01-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(No:49731030)和中国科学院"区域开发前期"课题"西北地区21世纪初期发展战略与对策研究"(IV-9908)资助。

The Theory and Application of Fundamental Orientations of the Sustainable Development Systems

XU Zhong-min, CHENG Guo-dong   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Frozen Soil Engineering, CAREERI, CAS, Lanzhou, Gansu 730000
  • Received:2000-06-15 Revised:2000-09-17 Online:2001-01-20 Published:2001-01-20

摘要: 如何依据系统理论建立区域可持续发展系统评价的指标体系,在指标体系结构清晰明了的同时又能全面地反映可持续发展系统的结构和功能,是目前国际上可持续发展系统评价研究的前言问题之一。在分析目前国际上和国内广为应用的指标体系的结构特点的基础上,针对目前可持续发展定量衡量中以系统理论为指导的评价体系结构过于复杂,指标找寻困难,不易操作的问题,详细介绍了目前国际上流行的系统评价属性细分理论和其特点,并以张掖地区为例进行了实证研究。

Abstract: The system aspect of sustainable development implies concern about a total system composed of the many natural and human subsystems, while the long-term aspect of sustainable development implies concern even about of these systems.Obviously it is a practical impossibility to develop and use an indicators set that include s indicators of sustainability from every system in the total system.Realizing that a drastic restriction to a manageable number of indicators is essential, we face the difficult task of defining a set of indicators that can provide a picture of the sustainability of the total system and essential subsystems.The theory of fundamental orientations of the sustainable development systems produce a train of thought to solve the problem.The basic orientors are to be serve as a checklist to make sure that essential aspects of sustainability are not overlook.Systems must be compatible with their system environment and its characteristic properties in order to be viable and to exist sustainably.The environmental properties can, therefore, be viewed as imposing certain requirements and restrictions on systems, which orient their functions, development and behavior.There are various ways of determining fundamental environmental properties.Six fundamental properties of system environments are found:normal environmental state, resource scarcity, variety, variability, change and other systems.Corresponding to the six fundamental environment properties, there are six environment-determined basic orientors (existence, effectiveness, freedom of action, security, adaptability, and coexistence), plus the system-determined basic orientors (reproduction, psychological needs, and responsibility), these orientors of system and their relationship form the fundamental structure to assess the sustainability of a system.As a minimum, the sustainability of three essential systems would have to be considered corresponding to sustainable development systems:the human system, the support system, and the nature system, furthermore, their individual contribution to sustainability of the total system has to be assessed.Finally, the paper takes Zhangye Prefecture as a case to assess the sustainability of total system from 1978 to 1995.At the same time, summarizes the advantage and disadvantage of the theory of the fundamental orientations of sustainable development systems.

中图分类号: 

  • F062.2