地理科学 ›› 2001, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (1): 70-75.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2001.01.70

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

海岸线空间分形性质探讨——以江苏省为例

朱晓华, 王建, 陈霞   

  1. 南京师范大学地理科学学院, 江苏 南京 210097
  • 收稿日期:1999-11-01 修回日期:2000-07-01 出版日期:2001-01-20 发布日期:2001-01-20
  • 基金资助:
    江苏省“333工程”跨世纪学术带头人人才基金;国家自然科学基金(编号:49601019)

Study on the Spatial Fractal Characteristic of Coastline——A case study of Jiangsu Province,China

CHEN Yue-ying, LIU Yun-gang   

  1. College of Geographical Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210097
  • Received:1999-11-01 Revised:2000-07-01 Online:2001-01-20 Published:2001-01-20

摘要: 根据分形理论,借助于GIS技术的支持,以江苏省海岸线为例,对以往研究少有涉及的海岸线空间分形性质进行了初步探讨,包括不同比例尺下海岸线长度的分形标定、不同潮滩分界线是否具有分形性质等,在江苏省海岸线长度的分形标定中取得了实际应用,由此获得了对海岸线分形性质及其分维意义的一些深入认识。

Abstract: According to the fractal theory and with the aid of the technology of GIS,the spatial fractal characteristic of the coastline is studied in this paper Generally speaking,two problems are discussed,one is about how to demarcate the lengths of coastline in different scales,the other is about whether the fractal characteristic exists or not for the different boundaries of tidal flat In a word, some meaningful conclusions are drawn as follows: (1)The fractal characteristic exists for the continental coastline of Jiangsu Province, and its fractal dimension is 1 0696 (2)It conforms to the exponential correlation between different lengths(L) and scales (k) It conforms to the formula lgL(k)=(1 029lgk +2 9544 for Jiangsu Province’s continental coastline (3)The fractal characteristic exists for different boundaries of tidal flat,and the differences of fractal dimensions indicate the differences of comparative intensity of erosion and deposition in the tidal flat (4)It is found that the reciprocity between mainland and sea,as well as the lithology and substantial makeup,may affect the value of coastline’s fractal dimension,except geological tectonics,etc In a word, the formula which is useful to calculate the coastline’s lengths of Jiangsu Province in different scales is given in this paper for the first time,and natural attributes of Jiangsu Province’s coastline which is affected by the reciprocity between mainland and sea are explained by the fractal theory, thus, the cognition about the significance of coastline’s fractal dimension is deepened, so done the cognition about some geographical phenomena

中图分类号: 

  • P737.1