地理科学 ›› 2001, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (5): 385-389.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2001.05.385

• 论文 •    下一篇

近20年来中国人口重心与经济重心的演变及其对比分析

徐建华1, 岳文泽2   

  1. 1. 华东师范大学地理系、教育部城市与环境动态过程研究实验室, 上海 200062;
    2. 兰州大学地理系, 甘肃 兰州 730000
  • 收稿日期:2000-08-16 修回日期:2001-04-09 出版日期:2001-09-20 发布日期:2001-09-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(00BJL51)阶段性成果。

Evolvement and Comparative Analysis of the Population Center Gravity and the Economy Gravity Center in Recent Twenty Years in China

XU Jian-hua1, YUE Wen-ze2   

  1. 1. Research Laboratory of Dynamic Process on Urban and Environment, Chinese Educationcommission, Department of Geography, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062;
    2. Department of Geography, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, Gansu 730000
  • Received:2000-08-16 Revised:2001-04-09 Online:2001-09-20 Published:2001-09-20

摘要: 采用近20年来中国各省(市、区)的人口、GDP、工业、农业、第三产业的产值及消费额数据,计算出其各年的重心坐标,定量表示出中国近20年来人口、GDP、工业、农业、第三产业及消费重心的动态演化过程。在此基础上分析了中国人口、经济发展、生活水平区域差异的动态变化及其之间的关系,以及各要素动态演化的驱动因子。结果表明:近20年来,中国人口重心表现为缓慢地向西南方向移动;GDP、工业、第三产业和消费额重心向东南方向移动。与中国几何中心比较,区域差异在总体上是扩大了;与人口重心相比较,东西方向呈不平衡态势发展,南北方向则开始趋于平衡;而农业重心则表现为无规律性变化。

Abstract: This thesis adopts production value of population, GDP, industry, agriculture and the tertiary industry and data of expenditure in recent twenty years in every province, every district, every city, and figures out the coordinate of gravity center of each years. It quantitatively express developing evolvement of population, GDP, industry, agriculture, the tertiary industry and the consumption center of gravity. On the basis of the result, it analyses the developing evolvement and relation of China population and region discrepancy of economic developing. From the developing evolvement of gravity center we can draw a conclusion: the discrepancies between east and west in China existed twenty years ago, and the population gravity center slowly moves to southwest in China in recent twenty years; on the whole the movements of GDP, industry, the tert iary industry and the consumpt ion gravity centers show to southeast. Against the geometry center in China: on the whole the region discrepancy in China is extended; against the population gravity center: between east and west take on imbalance developing, while between south and north tend to balance; but the change of the agriculture gravity center shows irregularity. The thesis simply analyses driving gene of the developing evolvement of each factor.

中图分类号: 

  • F830.59