地理科学 ›› 2001, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (5): 407-411.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2001.05.407

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

资源场理论及其在资源流动中的应用

董瑜1, 谢高地2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院文献情报中心, 北京 100080;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2000-10-12 修回日期:2001-04-26 出版日期:2001-09-20 发布日期:2001-09-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家"九五"科技攻关项目(编号96-013-01-05)

Pilot Study of Resources Field Theory and Its Application to Resources Flow

DONG Yu1, XIE Gao-di2   

  1. 1. The Documentation and Information Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Nature Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
  • Received:2000-10-12 Revised:2001-04-26 Online:2001-09-20 Published:2001-09-20

摘要: 借鉴物理学中的场思维,构建了资源场理论分析框架,探索了资源流动的力的本质:资源势差是资源流动的内在本质,资源场力是推动资源流动的本质力量,资源场力和外力的合力是资源流动的直接力量。利用资源场论分析了山东省宁津县宁津镇、张学武乡劳动力资源地域流动和部门流动的情况和趋势。

Abstract: On the basis of field theory of physics and existent researches, the characteristics of resources extensity are discussed and the concept of resources field are put forward. Like the physical field, the resources field is also an interactional extensity, which possesses the unique characteristics. The theory of resources field presents the characteristic quanta of resources field including resources field difference, resources field forces etc, which can explain the resources flow from the point of view of the force. The essence of resources flow is as follows: the potential difference is the essence of the resources flow and has the direct relationship with its intensity; the resultant force of resources field force and outside forces including motive forces and resistance is the foundation and direct impetus of resources flow. In addition, the quantitative formulas of resources potential difference and resources flow are presented. Using the resources field theory and quantitative formulas, the regional and departmental flows of labor forces resources in two counties (Ningjin Township and Zhangxuewu Township County of Shandong Province) are analyzed and compared.

中图分类号: 

  • P96