地理科学 ›› 2001, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (6): 493-497.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2001.06.493

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

气候与地表覆被变化对梭磨河流域水文影响的分析

邓慧平1, 李秀彬2, 张明2, 陈军锋2, 张镱锂2   

  1. 1. 湖南师范大学国土学院, 湖南 长沙 410081;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2000-10-27 修回日期:2001-05-10 出版日期:2001-11-20 发布日期:2001-11-20
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院创新工程重大项目(DZCX1-Y-02) 和中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所创新前沿领域项目(CXIOG-A00-03-02)支持。

A Study of Changes in Hydrology Resulting from Climate and Land Cover Changes in the Suomo Basin

DENG Hui-ping1, LI Xiu-bin2, ZHANG Ming2, CHEN Jun-feng2, ZHANG Yi-li2   

  1. 1. College of Land and Resuorce, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101;
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101
  • Received:2000-10-27 Revised:2001-05-10 Online:2001-11-20 Published:2001-11-20

摘要: 分析了1960~1990年长江上游梭磨河流域气候和地表覆被变化及其对流域水文的影响。30年来,流域降水有所增加,有林地面积1957~1974年大幅下降,以后有所回升。有林地每公顷蓄积量由1957年的423m3下降到1998年的177m3,40年来林分质量不断下降。流域水文发生了明显的变化:年均流量自1972年以来不断上升,洪水频率、洪峰流量和土壤侵蚀模数明显增加。

Abstract: The changes in hydrology of the Suomo River resulting from climate fluctuation and land cover changes during 1960-1990 were analyzed. During this period, Suomo basin experienced increases in annual precipitation, streamflow and floods . Annual precipitation increased with a rate of 0.45-1.71mm/a, while heavy rain events did not show significant upward trends.In the dry season temperature increased , in raining season temperature decreased. While annual mean temperature changed little .During 1957-1974, forest coverage decreased and droped to 25% in 1974. After that, it began to rise and reached 30% in 1985. The storage of forest decreased from 423m3/ha in 1957 to 177m3/ha in 1998. In the meantime, the hydrologjcal system changed obviously. Annual streamflow became increasingly great and upward trend was more significant than that of annual precipitation. In the 1970's,annual runoff increased by 6.5% than that in the 1960's. In the 1980's annual runoff increased by 15% than that in the 1960's. In the 1970's and the 1980's, precipitation was 19.4mm and 39.9mm more than that in the 1960's.While runoff increased 37.7mm in the 1970's and 87.0mm in the 1980's. According to water balance equation, evapotranspiration decreased by 10% in the 1970's and 25% in the 1980's respectively. The annual potential evaporation is 900mm in the basin,while real evapotranspiration is only about 200mm based on water balance for many years.Thus,decrease in evapotranspiration resulting from temperature change is small,the main reason for evapotranspiration decreas is that rainfall interception and soil water storage decease which is related with land cover change in the basin. Flood events became more often and serious during 1959-1999. Soil erosion increased greatly and its upward trend was most significant.

中图分类号: 

  • X143