地理科学 ›› 2001, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (6): 511-518.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2001.06.511

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

抚顺煤田区域的工业化与城市形态及结构演化研究

李国平, 张洋   

  1. 北京大学城市与环境学系, 北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2001-04-15 修回日期:2001-06-10 出版日期:2001-11-20 发布日期:2001-11-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金资助项目:夕阳产业地域的形成、演变与持续发展研究—以东北为例(40071042)。

Research on the Industrialization in the Coal Region and the Formation of Coal Industries' City Form and Structure

LI Guo-ping, ZHANG Yang   

  1. Department of Geography, Peking University, Beijing 100871
  • Received:2001-04-15 Revised:2001-06-10 Online:2001-11-20 Published:2001-11-20

摘要: 通过研究抚顺煤田区域由煤炭资源开发而导致的工业化和城市形态形成过程,首先讨论资源型城市形成的自然基础及经济活动的作用,进而揭示了煤炭城市形态形成的阶段性规律;其次,分析了资源型城市内部的资源开发区域与工商业区域的分化及其独特的形态与内部结构;第三,发现抚顺市存在着明显的二元城市形态与内部结构,采煤区域的多级直线型结构与工商业区域的多核心组合式结构共存;第四,提出了抚顺煤田区域工业化与城市形态及结构演化的基本模式,并评价了经典的弗雷德曼(Friedmann.J)区域发展模式。

Abstract: Although there are many researches on the life cycle of the resource-based cities, scientists have paid little attention to the evolution of the forms and spatial structures of these cities. Based on a case study of Fushun, a typical coal-industry city in China, this paper is designed to fill in the research gaps. It mainly includes:(1) Inquiring into the function of the natural conditions and the economic activities during the development of the resource-based cities, thus revealing the law of the formation of the coal-industry city's form.(2) Analyzing the differentiation between the resource development area and the industrial and commercial area in the whole resource-based city area and pointing out its specific form and spatial structure.(3) Pointing out the multi-polar linear structure of the coal-mining area and the multi-core structure of the industrial and commercial area in Fushun coal region, then interpreting the reasons. (4) Putting forward a general model of the evolution of Fushun's city form and its spatial structure and emphasizing that the interaction between coal industry area and de-coal industry area in Fushun coal region is the key to city's form and spatial structure. Moreover, evaluating the classical Friedmann.J Model of Regional Development and believing that this model is more practical.

中图分类号: 

  • F291