地理科学 ›› 2002, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (2): 129-135.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2002.02.129

• 论文 •    下一篇

"新经济地理学"与"地理经济学"——兼论西方经济学与地理学融合的新趋向

顾朝林1, 石爱华2, 王恩儒3   

  1. 1. 南京大学城市与资源学系, 江苏 南京 210093;
    2. 中国城市规划设计研究院, 北京 100083;
    3. 美国华盛顿州立大学地理系, 华盛顿
  • 收稿日期:2001-04-28 修回日期:2001-09-11 出版日期:2002-03-20 发布日期:2002-03-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家杰出青年基金40025102;教育部跨世纪人才基金和国家自然科学基金49831030资助项目。

"New Economic Geography" or "Geographical Economics" ——A New Allied Trend of Geography and Economics

GU Chao-lin1, SHI Ai-hua2, WANG En-ru3   

  1. 1. Department of Urban and Resources Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210093;
    2. Chinese Academy of Urban Planning, Beijing 100083;
    3. Department of Geography, State University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
  • Received:2001-04-28 Revised:2001-09-11 Online:2002-03-20 Published:2002-03-20

摘要: 经济学家廖士(August L sch)十分重视空间和区位的关系,他在德国传统的区位理论基础上从事经济与空间配置的研究,提出了经济景观学说。廖士曾希望他的研究能够形成一个新的领域——空间经济学,并能引起经济学自身的重构。但实际上,经济景观学说对经济学并没有多少影响。相反,在19世纪50~60年代,他的名著《区域经济学》却对经济地理学发展和区域科学孕育产生了巨大贡献。最近几年来,由于经济全球化的趋势,西方经济学家又开始对地理学产生兴趣,新经济地理学或地理经济学应运而生。主要就其研究内容和发展动向进行综述介绍,并在此基础上对西方经济学与地理学融合的新趋向进行了讨论。

Abstract: August L sch, a famous economist, attached much importance to the relationship of space and location. Based on the traditional location theory from German, he engaged in the research of the matching of economy and space, and then established the theory of economic landscape. He had hoped that his own research would form a new field-space economy and brought the reconstruction to the economy itself. But in fact, the theory of economic landscape had not much effect on the economy. On the contrary, his famous book, The Economics of Location, did tremendous contribution to the development of economic geography and the gestation of region science between the 1850s and the 1860s. With the trend of economic globalization, the western economists have been interested in geography again in recent years, of which the leaders are Krugman, Porter, Arthur, etc. So "the new economic geography" or "the geographical economics" emerged. The paper introduces in detail the two major themes of "the new economic geography": the spatial agglomeration of economic activity and the dynamics of regional growth convergence, then points out the deficiences in "the new economic geography". In the end the paper emphasized that geography and economics should construct their new alliance based on the same goal and philosophical foundation.

中图分类号: 

  • F119.9