地理科学 ›› 2003, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (3): 257-263.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2003.03.257

• 论文 •    下一篇

中国海疆地理格局形成、演变的初步研究

张耀光, 刘岩, 王艳   

  1. 辽宁师范大学海洋经济可持续发展研究中心, 辽宁 大连 116029
  • 收稿日期:2002-06-11 修回日期:2002-09-03 出版日期:2003-05-20 发布日期:2003-05-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金资助项目(49871024)部分研究内容及教育部高等学校人文社科重点研究基地基金资助。

The Preliminary Study on the Formation and Evolution of the Geographical Pattern of Chinese Coastal Areas and Territorial Seas

ZHANG Yao-Guang, LIU Yan, WANG Yan   

  1. Research Center for Sustainable Development of Marine Economy, Liaoning Normal Univerisity, Dalian, Liaoning 116029
  • Received:2002-06-11 Revised:2002-09-03 Online:2003-05-20 Published:2003-05-20

摘要: 中国既是中国海(渤海、黄海、东海和南海)沿岸国家(包括台湾以东西太平洋海域),历史上也曾经是鄂霍次克海和日本海的沿岸国家。帝国主义入侵与清政府不平等条约的签定,使中国一部分海疆与海权丧失,失去了鄂霍次克海和日本海沿岸国的地位。根据《联合国海洋法公约》以及中国颁布的《领海法》、《专属经济区与大陆架法》,对中国海疆地理格局的形成、演变进行研究,从而了解中国的领海、毗连区、专属经济区与大陆架等可管辖海域(海洋国土)的地理格局。

Abstract: China not only is the country along the bank of the Sea of China including the Bohai Sea, the Yellow Sea, the East China Sea and the South China Sea, but also was the country along the bank of the Sea of Ochotsk and the Sea of Japan in history. But from then on, because of signing a series of unequal treaties between the government of the Qing Dynasty and some imperialistic countries, China gradually lost some parts of coastal areas and territorial seas and finally lost the sovereignty and the situation on the area of the Sea of Ochotsk and the Sea of Japan. Based upon the United Nations Maritime Convention, the Law of Territorial Sea and the Law of Exclusive Economic Zone & Continental Shelf which are promulgated by Chinese government, the formation and the evolution of the geographical pattern of Chinese coastal areas and territorial seas are discussed and studied. The geographical pattern of Chinese jurisdictional marine territory including territorial sea, contiguous zone, exclusive economic zone and continental shelf is roughly described in this paper.

中图分类号: 

  • K928.1