地理科学 ›› 2003, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (3): 287-292.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2003.03.287

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

老工业基地城市对农村劳动力吸纳力的研究——以长春市为例

李宁1, 丁四保1, 谢景武2   

  1. 1. 东北师范大学城市与环境科学学院, 吉林 长春 130024;
    2. 长春市人民政府办公厅, 吉林 长春 130056
  • 收稿日期:2002-02-27 修回日期:2002-05-24 出版日期:2003-05-20 发布日期:2003-05-20

Study on the Receiving Capability to Rural Laboure Force for City of the Old Industrial Base

LI Ning1, DING Si-Bao1, XIE Jing-Wu2   

  1. 1. College of Urban and Environmental Science, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, Jilin 130024;
    2. General Office of the People's Government of Changchun, Changchun, Jilin 130056
  • Received:2002-02-27 Revised:2002-05-24 Online:2003-05-20 Published:2003-05-20

摘要: 解决"三农"问题的根本途径是实现农村剩余劳动力的有效转移,而农村劳动力转移的主要方向之一是离开农村到城市就业。就全国而言,城市制造业就业比重下降、三产比重上升是我国经济结构转换、升级的一般趋势,但这种趋势在区域之间又存在着差异。老工业基地除面临制造业升级排斥就业之外,其它产业发育也相对不足。在这种情势下,老工业基地城市如何发挥农村劳动力接收器的作用,就此问题以长春市为例,在实地调查的基础上,进行了深入地研究和探讨。

Abstract: The essential way to solve the problem of agriculture, village, and peasant is to achieve the effective outflow of rural surplus labor force. While one of the main directions that rural labor force will choose is to leave village for city. For our country, the decline of employment rate of urban manufacturing industry and the rising of tertiary industry is the general tendency of transform and escalation of Chinese economic structure. But this tendency takes on differences between different regions. The old industrial base is also faced with the relatively insufficient development of other industries except the rising manufacturing industry which lead to exclude employment. Under this conditions, how can the old industrial base make the function of rural labor force receiver well? Based on the spot investigation, the paper tries to study and probe into this problem, making Changchun as an example.Clearing the premise that the urban industry of Changchun is almost unable to receive rural surplus labor force, the authors investigated the construction and tertiary industry by paper-surveying, telephone-inquiring, interviewing, etc. The authors found that the construction and the transportation, wholesale and retail trade, food services and services of resident and community still have the potentiality of receiving rural labor force. Based on the investigated data and reference to Changchun Statistical yearbook of 2001, the paper tried to calculate the total rural labor force that Changchun can receive. At the end of the paper, the authors put forward several policies and measures in order to raise the level of receiving rural labor force for the cities of the old industrial base.(1) Further setting up urban and rural labor and services market, enhancing and improving the circulation channels of information, encouraging the development of folk medium, forming positive and effective mediation and guidance, especially paying attention to lowering the threshold of labor's entering market.(2) Improving the organizing level of the exportation of rural labor force and services, reducing the "psychological costs" that rural laborers go out.(3) Reinforcing the system of rural vocational skill training.(4) Encouraging and guiding folk capital investment, vigorously developing tertiary industry and labor-intensive industry, reducing the limits to folk capital investment at fund credit, market entering, operating scope and fiscal levy, etc. Relaxing the conditions of developing tertiary industry, middle and small enterprises (especially labor-intensive enterprises) and no-state owned economy.

中图分类号: 

  • F291.1